James Dunlop (astronomer)

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James Dunlop

James Dunlop (born October 31, 1793 in Dalry , Scotland , † September 22, 1848 in Kincumber , New South Wales , Australia ) was a Scottish astronomer who later worked in Australia.

Dunlop, who initially worked in a mechanical factory, began constructing telescopes in 1810 .

After he made the acquaintance of Thomas Brisbane in 1820 , he began to be increasingly interested in astronomy . In 1821 he became an assistant to Karl Rümker at the newly built observatory of Parramatta in New South Wales .

From 1827 to 1831 he worked at Brisbane's private observatory in Roxburgh (Scotland). In 1831 he took over the post of director of the Parramatta observatory, which he held until 1847.

Dunlop published a catalog of 7835 double stars (published in 1826) and a catalog of 629 newly discovered foggy objects (published in 1828), see Dunlop catalog .

For his achievements he was awarded the gold medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1828 . In 1832 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh . On January 30, 1837, he was accepted as a corresponding member of the Académie des Sciences in Paris.

In 2006 the asteroid (58424) Jamesdunlop was named after him.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fellows Directory. Biographical Index: Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002. Royal Society of Edinburgh, accessed October 24, 2019 .
  2. ^ List of members since 1666: Letter D. Académie des sciences, accessed on November 9, 2019 (French).
  3. Minor Planet Circ. 57952