Johann Carl Gross

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Johann Carl Gross.

Johann Carl Groß (born January 22, 1778 in Leipzig , † December 22, 1866 in Dresden ) was a Saxon politician and mayor of Leipzig from 1840 to 1848 .


Groß was the son of a Leipzig merchant and trade deputy and a sister of Pestalozzi . From 1794 he studied law at the University of Leipzig . In 1803 he was awarded a doctorate here with a thesis on Saxon law. iur. PhD.

In 1808, Groß joined the city council and became an assessor in the Leipzig jury. During the Battle of Nations in October 1813, he was involved in several delegations from the city in negotiations with Napoléon Bonaparte . In 1815 he became a senator and in 1828 a city judge. In 1831 he resigned as a council member. The following year, Groß joined the Saxon Ministry of Justice. Here he played a key role in the elaboration of the Saxon Criminal Code of 1838, which is considered liberal.

On March 2, 1840, he became mayor of the city of Leipzig, succeeding Christian Adolf Deutrich . Associated with this was an ex officio mandate in the first chamber of the Saxon state parliament . Although Groß was close to the state reformers of 1830/31 , he was seen as a representative of the "old regime" because of his previous membership in the council. The bourgeois transformation as well as the economic and cultural development of the city continued even under his office. However, there were increasing signs of political and economic stagnation. During his term of office the ice rink traffic to Halle (1840), the development of the Inner Westvorstadt (from 1844) and the famine year 1847 fell. Groß tried to alleviate the worst social grievances.

In order to prevent a revolution in the Kingdom of Saxony, Groß tried at the beginning of 1848 to persuade the Saxon King Friedrich August II to make political concessions to the liberal opposition in the country. Since he did not succeed in doing this, he resigned from the office of mayor on April 15, 1848 and also resigned all other municipal offices.

His successor was Hermann Adolph Klinger .


  • Karin Kühling / Doris Mundus: Leipzig's ruling mayors from the 13th century to the present. Sax-Verlag Beucha, 2000. ISBN 3-934544-02-9 .

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