Julius Kurth

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Friedrich Erdmann Julius Kurth (born May 15, 1870 in Berlin ; † May 23, 1949 in Gerbstedt ) was a German pastor, private scholar and author.

Binding of a monograph by Kurth, 1922


Julius Kurth was the son of the Rector Julius Kurth and Emma Marie Clausnitzer. He attended the Berlin Gymnasium at the Gray Monastery . From 1890 he studied Protestant theology at Berlin University . 1886 graduated from the Philosophical Faculty of Heidelberg University.

From January to March 1897 he made a trip to the Orient. As a scholarship holder of the German Archaeological Institute , 1897–98 trips took him to Jerusalem, Constantinople, Italy and Greece. On January 12, 1900, he married Elisabeth Heise from Berlin. After his ordination on March 31, 1901, he worked as city vicar in Berlin.

From 1910 until his retirement on June 1, 1935, he was pastor at the Taborkirche in Berlin-Hohenschönhausen .

He also worked as a private scholar, in particular he turned to Japanese woodcut art and Chinese woodcut art and published numerous works on this topic. At the invitation of RV Archenhold, he observed and drew the planets Mars and Uranus at the large refractor of the observatory in Berlin-Treptow, today's Archenhold observatory .

His extensive collections of Egyptian, Near Eastern and ancient objects, cuneiform texts and papyri were loaned to the Archaeological Museum of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg in 1950. In 1992 the heirs donated the Kurth collections to the museum.


From May 5, 2017 to November 5, 2017, an exhibition on the life and work of Kurth took place under the title “The Radiance of Knowledge and Belief” in the Lichtenberg Museum in the Stadthaus, Berlin.


  • Evangelical Pastor's Book for the Mark Brandenburg since the Reformation , ed. from the Brandenburg Provincial Synodal Association; edit by Otto Fischer, Berlin 1941, Vol. II / 1, p. 472.
  • Veit Vaelske: Julius Kurth - An Interim Research. In: Isched. Journal of the Egypt Forum Berlin eV 1/2010, p. 44 f.
  • Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert , Stephan Lehmann (ed.): Researcher - Pastor - Collector. The Egyptian Antiquities of Dr. Julius Kurth from the holdings of the Archaeological Museum of the Martin Luther University in Halle . Catalog of the exhibition in cooperation with the Egyptian Museum –Georg Steindorff– at the University of Leipzig. Leipzig 2011.
  • Stephan Lehmann, Hans-Werner Fischer-Elfert (eds.): Aegyptiaca and papyri from the Julius Kurth collection . Archaeological Museum of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, inventory catalog volume 1. Sandstone, Dresden 2014, ISBN 978-3-95498-134-2 .
  • Henryk Löhr, A Versatile Scholar - Biographical Comments on Julius Kurth; The Julius Kurth collections, in: St. Lehmann - H.-W. Fischer-Elfert (Ed.), Aegyptiaca and Papyri from the Julius Kurth Collection . Archaeological Museum of the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, inventory catalog 1 (Dresden 2014) pp. 11–35.

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