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Emperor Kōkaku

Emperor Kōkaku ( Japanese 光 格 天皇 , Kōkaku-tennō ; * September 23, 1771 , † December 11, 1840 ) was the 119th Tennō of Japan .


His father was Prince Sukehito of the Imperial House Kan'in no miya ( 閑 院 宮 典 仁 親王 , Kan'in no miya Sukehito Shinnō ), who was descended from the Emperor Higashiyama . He wanted to give his father the title Daijō-tennō ( 太 政 天皇 ), synonymous with ex-emperor. The shogun did not like his idea, and a dispute broke out between the court and the shogunate.

In 1817 he abdicated in favor of his 17-year-old son Ninko. It was the last renunciation of the throne by a Japanese emperor up to that of Akihito, the 125th Tennō.

title Emperor Kokaku ( 光 格 天皇 ; Kōkaku tennō)
Proper name Morohito ( 師 仁 )
Lifetime 1771-1840
Reign 1780-1817
father Prince Sukehito, Kan'in no miya ( 閑 院 宮 典 仁 親王 )
mother Ōe Iwashiro ( 大江 磐 代 )
Women Princess Yoshiko ( 欣 子 内 親王 )

Kanshūji Tadako ( 勧 修 寺 婧 子 )

children 12 sons and 7 daughters
dig Nochi no Tsukinowa no misasagi ( 後 月 輪 陵 )

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predecessor Office successor
Go-momozono Emperor of Japan
1780 - 1817