KNSM ES series
The "ES" series or "ES" class was a series of cargo ships operated by the Amsterdam shipping company Koninklijke Nederlandsche Stoomboot Maatschappij (KNSM). The ship class consisted of 14 ships of the same type of ship that were built by three different shipyards . The series got its name from the names of the ships, which all ended with " es ".
Construction and description
The ships were built at the shipyards C. van der Giessen & Zn. Scheepswerven in Krimpen a / d IJssel , Scheepswerven Gebroeders Pot in Bolnes , A. Vuyk & Zonen in Capelle a / d Ijssel and Amsterdamsche Droogdok Maatschappij (ADM) in Amsterdam. The basic design was provided by the construction department of the KNSM under the direction of the ship's designer Van Kuyk. The design of the ships abaft with something as amidships lying structures and conventional cargo gear of light derricks and heavy lift did not differ fundamentally from contemporary line freighters . The ships, around 130 meters long and 17.58 meters wide, had four cargo holds with an intermediate deck . In view of the large proportion of Chilean copper in the cargo volume from the west coast of South America, the tween deck was designed for particularly high deck loads. The holds offered a total of 8,450 cubic meters of space for dry cargo, a 287 cubic meter refrigerated and freezer hold and four 356 cubic meters of sweet oil tanks, which were arranged in the lower part of hold 4 on both sides next to the shaft tunnel . The ships were given passenger compartments for twelve passengers. The built-in Stork seven-cylinder two-stroke main engines with turbochargers developed 6000 hp and allowed a speed of around 17 knots . Some details differed in some details in the ships of the series; some units had a 120-ton boom when they were built, others only a heavy-lift boom with a 75-ton capacity. Another change affected all units from Socrates , where the refrigerated cargo space was housed differently, because they were not to be used for the South Pacific, but on the route to Curacao, Aruba, Colombia and Puerto Limon. Due to the more clearly structured cargo holds, these later ships were called box-ES or box-ES to distinguish them from the stems . A distinguishing feature of the series was the wood-clad front edge of the wheelhouse and the two bridge cams . However, on some ships this area was later painted white.
Use and whereabouts
The ships were used with the KNSM mainly in the service between Europe and the west coast of South America, later they were also found on other American routes. Most recently, the ships were often in service on routes of the KNSM between North and South America, as the containerization of the previous shipping areas only prevailed here later.
Several accidents occurred during the years of operation of the ES series. In December 1962 the Aristotle had a serious collision with the Graveland of the Dutch shipping company Koninklijke Hollandsche Lloyd on the Weser near Blexen Roadstead . The Sophocles , delivered in 1963 as the last ship of the series , sank on February 19, 1965 on a voyage from Aruba to Norway near the Azores after an explosion had occurred in the fertilizer cargo. Three crew members were killed. On April 10, 1965, the Hermes got out of hand on the St. Lawrence Seaway and hit the oncoming Transatlantic of the Hamburg shipping company Poseidon Schiffahrt on the port side at the level of the fore edge of the bridge, killing two of the sailors and one passenger. The German freighter caught fire, capsized and sank the following day.
Some of the ships were lengthened by around ten meters in 1966/67 in order to increase their carrying capacity, the remaining units were lengthened in 1970. In the 1970s, some ships were fitted with more powerful heavy lift booms of 120, 200 and 250 tons. From 1977 to 1979 the Amsterdam shipping company sold the ships to various shipping companies. Two of the ships were scrapped again in 1979 and 1980, but most of them were kept in service until the 1980s, the former Hercules had the longest sailing time and stayed in service until it was demolished in the mid-1990s.
The ships (selection)
|KNSM "ES" series|
|Building name||Shipyard /
|IMO number||delivery||Later names and whereabouts|
|5023019||September 19, 1959||1966 extended at Verolme in Rozenburg, 1977 Bravo Ares , launched from July 8, 1981 to November 23, 1984 in Piraeus, 1984 Equity , delivered to Alang on December 16, 1984 for scrapping|
|Achilles||Gebr. Pot /
|5001815||October 23, 1959||1967 extended at Scheepswerven Boele in Bolnes, 1977 Denis , 1987 Tavira , arrived on May 5, 1987 at the scrapping yard Birlik Demir Celik Ticaret in Aliaga|
|Ceres||C. van der Giessen /
|5067417||November 26, 1959||1966 extended at Verolme in Rozenburg, 1977 Bravo Ceres , launched on October 10, 1981 in Piraeus, 1987 Lagos , delivered to Sachana on April 1, 1987 for scrapping|
|Diogenes||C. van der Giessen /
|5090347||February 19, 1960||1966 extended at Wilton-Fijenoord in Schiedam, 1978 asteroid , 1984 astero , arrived in Shanghai on October 9, 1984 for demolition|
|Pericles||Gebr. Pot /
|5274761||March 31, 1960||1966 extended at Scheepswerven Boele in Bolnes, 1975 heavy lift boom 250 tons, sold 1979, delivered on November 10, 1985 for demolition in Karachi|
|5332927||1960||Extended in 1970, Thera in 1977 , scrapped in Kaohsiung in 1980|
|Archimedes||Gebr. Pot /
|5022235||November 22, 1960||Extended in 1967 at Wilton-Fijenoord in Schiedam, Marika T in 1977, discontinued from November 1979 at IM Varela Davalillo in Castellon|
|Palamedes||C. van der Giessen /
|5268920||September 29, 1961||Extended in 1970 at Scheepswerven Boele in Bolnes, 1979 Bravo Katarina , launched in Piraeus from March 9, 1986 to the end of December 1987, arrived in Aliaga on December 30, 1987 for scrapping|
|Hermes||Vuijk & Zn./
|5149112||1962||1977 Niki R , scrapped in Calcutta in 1984|
|Aristotle||Gebr. Pot /
|5024257||December 13, 1962||Extended in 1970 at Scheepswerven Boele in Bolnes, Celestial in 1978 , Arabian Kariman in 1983 , arrived in Gadani Beach on November 7, 1984 for demolition|
|Ulysses||C. van der Giessen /
|5372692||May 25, 1962||Extended in 1970 at Scheepswerven Boele in Bolnes, Alkyon in 1979 , Sirichal Bulacul in 1981 , arrived in Kaohsiung on February 9, 1988 for scrapping|
|Ganymedes||Gebr. Pot /
|5126093||1962||1966 extended at Scheepswerven Boele in Bolnes, April 1979 Cosmos , delivered on February 17, 1986 for scrapping in Cartagena, later moved and demolished in Mamonal on April 8, 1986|
|Hercules||Gebr. Pot /
|5404990||June 28, 1963||Extended in 1970 at Scheepswerven Boele in Bolnes, 1979 Yacu Caspi , 1994 Amazon I , scrapped in Alang from February 23, 1995|
|Sophocles||C. van der Giessen /
|no||1963||on February 19, 1965 after an explosion in the cargo north of the Azores at position 45.39 ° N; 024.19 ° W decreased|
|Data: Lloyd's Register of Shipping|
- Meylof, Louis: Voormalig Nederlands koopvaardijschepen . Rebo, Sassenheim 1987, ISBN 90-366-0249-1 .
- Report in the Port Arthur News of April 11, 1965, p. 1
- German Freighter Burns in the Jefferson City News And Tribune of April 11, 1965, p. 1
- Lloyd's Register of Shipping, London (various years)