Chamber (court)

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A chamber is the arbiter of a court .

At the regional court , the full name is, depending on jurisdiction, civil chamber or criminal chamber . In addition to the general chambers, special chambers can also be formed at the regional court. For commercial disputes e.g. B. the Chamber of Commerce . For criminal cases e.g. B. the commercial criminal chamber, the youth chamber and the state protection chamber.

Civil chambers are made up of three judges , criminal chambers with three professional judges and two lay judges (large criminal chamber) and in appeal proceedings with one professional judge and two lay judges (small criminal chamber). The judge responsible for handling the case within the chamber is the rapporteur .

At the labor court and at the social court , one chamber consists of a professional judge and two honorary judges , while the administrative court has three professional judges and two honorary judges. So- called specialist chambers are formed at the administrative courts for staff representation matters under state or federal law . These act in the form of a professional judge and four honorary judges (cf. Art. 83 Para. 3 BayPVG and Art. 84 Para. 3 BPersVG).

In Berlin, the higher regional court is traditionally called the Kammergericht , and its arbitration bodies are called senates , as is the case with other higher regional courts .

See also