The German word is derived from the Latin comitatus and the Latin title comes , which originally meant “companion”, but has been the title of high Roman official since late antiquity . From this later developed the Latin equivalent of the title of a count . Accordingly, megye was sometimes translated into German as “ Grafschaft ” in the past . In addition to county , especially after 1867, the name county was also common. In connection with Croatia, German is still sometimes spoken by counties today. The county seat, i.e. the administrative seat of a county, is called megyeszékhely in Hungarian .
In earlier times these administrative units were more specifically called vármegye (castle counties), plural vármegyék (castle counties).
Kingdom of Hungary
After the compromise of 1867 , there were 64 in the Kingdom of Hungary (from 1882 through the merging of two counties to form Abaúj-Torna county only 63) and in the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia there were a further eight counties (counties). In addition there was the directly subordinate city of Fiume with territory . The counties were in turn divided into districts (more precisely: in chair districts). Head of a county was the upper Gespan (mean age Gespan called;. Ungar főispán, Ispán ). After 1867, this position was mostly assigned by the government, but some of it was inherited.
- Districts in other countries