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The term coordination ( latin ordinare = rank and file filters, rules, arranged to bring in a certain sequence; therefrom medium latin coordinare assign = beiordnen) includes in its general sense, the coordinated; interrelation of various human, social, economic or technical Operations. The cooperation of people or groups is called cooperation . Cooperation and coordination are usually geared towards a specific (complex) goal, often linked to one another. Coordination therefore generally requires the ability to coordinate , consisting of several coordinative skills, in order to be able to organize various individual tasks or human activities in a complex field of tasks in such a way that they fit into one another in a meaningful and purposeful manner, regardless of whether they are organizational processes ( management ) or motor movements. Therefore, very different sciences and therapies deal with the coordination skills of humans, especially movement science , physiotherapy (coordination gymnastics), behavior therapy and psychology.

Fields of application

The term coordination can be found in numerous fields of application, with differences in the use of the term:

  • In ergonomics , the term describes the merging of resources , work equipment and human labor as well as the corresponding planning, design and cooperative activities under the aspects of success optimization and cost economy.
  • In the traffic sector, the term means the order and regulation of the various traffic flows and groups of traffic participants ( pedestrians , cyclists , motor vehicle drivers , rail vehicle users ) in compatible railways, the creation of a functioning traffic system.
  • In the management sector , the term stands for the systematic structuring of issues , for the control of groups of people and projects as well as for the corresponding strategic procedures.
  • In movement science, the term describes the harmonious interplay of different muscle groups , body parts , individual movements to form a closed movement sequence ( movement coordination ), see also the Vienna coordination course .
  • In sensorimotor functions , the term expresses the special control of movements by the cerebellum and trunk ganglia via kinesthetics and the visual sense, i.e. the interplay of sensory functions.
  • On the soccer field , the term characterizes the captain's task of combining the individual actions of the players in attack and defense in a success-oriented manner into a team performance .
  • In physiology , the term covers the interaction of the cerebellum, stimulus conduction system and muscles to form an orderly sequence of movements, but also the nervously controlled internal organic processes (vegetative processes, temperature regulation, autonomous muscle actions).
  • In behavioral therapy , the term behavioral coordination expresses the effort to convey new life perspectives to people who are resistant to adaptation and who have problems integrating into the social environment, sports and work worlds by learning interactions .
  • In politics, the term includes the coordinated achievement of a goal, for example peace, see for example the term peace coordination in the peace movement .


  • Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences (Hrsg.): Dictionary of contemporary German (WDG), Berlin 2006.
  • Brockhaus Encyclopedia: The Great Brockhaus . 24 vols., 21st edition 2006. Vol. 10.
  • J. Hannamann: Prohibition of cartels and behavior coordination in sport , Berlin 2001.
  • H. Quantity: Encyclopedic dictionary of the Latin and German languages ​​with special consideration of the etymology . Langenscheid, Berlin, 7th edition 1950.
  • R. Schurig: StVO - Commentary on the road traffic regulations with VwV-StVO . 12th edition, Kirschbaum, Bonn 2006.
  • Gerhard Truig: The great German dictionary . Gütersloh 1970.

Individual evidence

  1. H. Quantity: Encyclopedic dictionary of the Latin and German languages ​​with special consideration of the etymology . Berlin (Langenscheid) 7th edition 1950, p. 530 f.
  2. Brockhaus vol. 10, page 475 f .; True, column 2125.
  3. R. Schurig: StVO - Commentary on the road traffic regulations with VwV-StVO. 12th edition. (Kirschbaum) Bonn 2006.
  4. ^ WH Staehle: Management. 8th edition Munich: Vahlen, 1999.
  5. J. Hanna man: Antitrust and behavioral coordinations in sports. Berlin 2001.