Cyril of Bulgaria

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Prince Cyril of Bulgaria

Prince Kyrill Heinrich Franz Ludwig Anton Karl Philipp of Bulgaria (born November 17, 1895 in Sofia ; † February 1, 1945 , executed there ) was Prince Regent of Bulgaria from 1943 to 1944 from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Saxony.


The princely monogram of Kyrill

Cyril was the second son of Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria and his first wife Marie Louise of Bourbon-Parma .

As early as 1916 to 1918, during the First World War and the occupation of Albania by the Central Powers , Kyrill was proposed as a candidate for the Albanian throne . At the same time he was also considered a candidate for the throne of the reigning kingdom of Poland and the defeated Romania. In June 1917 he was awarded the rank of admiral in the Imperial German fleet .

After the death of his older brother, Tsar Boris III. , he was placed at the head of a regency council for his six-year-old son Simeon in 1943, which primarily tried to lead Bulgaria out of the war . Bulgaria declared neutral on August 16, 1944, and the Soviet Union declared war on the country on September 5, 1944 .

After the occupation of Bulgaria by the Red Army and a communist coup by Colonel Kimon Georgiev , Kyrill and his Regency Council were deposed in 1944. Kyrill and other ministers were sentenced to death . The sentence against the former Prince Regent was carried out on February 1, 1945 in Sofia.

See also

Web links

Commons : Prince Cyril of Bulgaria  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Björn Sacrifice: In the Shadow of War. Occupation or connection - liberation or oppression. P. 152 ff


  • Hans-Joachim Böttcher : Ferdinand von Sachsen-Coburg and Gotha 1861 - 1948 - a cosmopolitan on the Bulgarian throne . Osteuropazentrum Berlin - Verlag (Anthea Verlagsgruppe), Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-89998-296-1 , pp. 389 - 392 a. v. a.
  • Stéphane Groueff: Crown of Thorns. Madison Books, Lanham MA 1987, ISBN 0-8191-5778-3 .
  • Hans-Joachim Hoppe : Kiril of Bulgaria . In: Biographical Lexicon on the History of Southeast Europe . Volume 2. Munich 1976, p. 403 f.
  • Hans-Joachim Hoppe: Bulgaria. Hitler's headstrong ally. A case study on the National Socialist Southeast European Policy. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1979, ISBN 3-421-01904-5 ( Studies on Contemporary History 15), (At the same time: Cologne, Univ., Diss., 1976–1977).