Cyril of Bulgaria
Prince Kyrill Heinrich Franz Ludwig Anton Karl Philipp of Bulgaria (born November 17, 1895 in Sofia ; † February 1, 1945 , executed there ) was Prince Regent of Bulgaria from 1943 to 1944 from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Duke of Saxony.
As early as 1916 to 1918, during the First World War and the occupation of Albania by the Central Powers , Kyrill was proposed as a candidate for the Albanian throne . At the same time he was also considered a candidate for the throne of the reigning kingdom of Poland and the defeated Romania. In June 1917 he was awarded the rank of admiral in the Imperial German fleet .
After the death of his older brother, Tsar Boris III. , he was placed at the head of a regency council for his six-year-old son Simeon in 1943, which primarily tried to lead Bulgaria out of the war . Bulgaria declared neutral on August 16, 1944, and the Soviet Union declared war on the country on September 5, 1944 .
After the occupation of Bulgaria by the Red Army and a communist coup by Colonel Kimon Georgiev , Kyrill and his Regency Council were deposed in 1944. Kyrill and other ministers were sentenced to death . The sentence against the former Prince Regent was carried out on February 1, 1945 in Sofia.
- Björn Sacrifice: In the Shadow of War. Occupation or connection - liberation or oppression. P. 152 ff
- Hans-Joachim Böttcher : Ferdinand von Sachsen-Coburg and Gotha 1861 - 1948 - a cosmopolitan on the Bulgarian throne . Osteuropazentrum Berlin - Verlag (Anthea Verlagsgruppe), Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-89998-296-1 , pp. 389 - 392 a. v. a.
- Stéphane Groueff: Crown of Thorns. Madison Books, Lanham MA 1987, ISBN 0-8191-5778-3 .
- Hans-Joachim Hoppe : Kiril of Bulgaria . In: Biographical Lexicon on the History of Southeast Europe . Volume 2. Munich 1976, p. 403 f.
- Hans-Joachim Hoppe: Bulgaria. Hitler's headstrong ally. A case study on the National Socialist Southeast European Policy. Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart 1979, ISBN 3-421-01904-5 ( Studies on Contemporary History 15), (At the same time: Cologne, Univ., Diss., 1976–1977).
|SURNAME||Cyril of Bulgaria|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kyrill von Sachsen-Coburg-Koháry; Kiril of Bulgaria; Prince of Preslav; Кирил (Bulgarian)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Bulgarian Prince Regent|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 17, 1895|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sofia|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 1, 1945|
|Place of death||Sofia|