Land transport

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Road and pedestrian traffic ( Vienna )

Land transport refers to all types of transport that take place on solid ground, i.e. on land. In addition to land transport, there is also shipping , air transport and space travel . The vehicles that are used for land transport are land vehicles , insofar as these are motor vehicles, depending on the design, they can sometimes also float and are then called amphibious vehicles .

Meaning of the term

In particular, land transport includes foot traffic , road traffic , rail traffic and cable cars . Land transport is the oldest mode of transport, with pedestrian traffic being the most original.


Infrastructures such as roads and paths are mostly used for pedestrian, bicycle and motor vehicle traffic . Technical facilities such as traffic lights are often available to regulate traffic. For rail traffic, there are also rails with technical equipment such as signals and traffic equipment such as train stations.

Impact on the environment

Land transport in the industrialized nations (together with building development) has the highest share of soil sealing through road construction . The CO 2 emissions in motor traffic contribute to air pollution and thus to global warming .


Land transport takes place for a wide variety of purposes, for example passenger transport . In freight transport, there is partly combined transport , where the main part of the route is covered by rail, sea or inland waterway, the remainder by land vehicle .

See also