Origin and tasks
The Lasker Foundation was founded in 1942 by Albert Lasker , a successful advertising entrepreneur, and his wife Mary Woodard Lasker , an influential lobbyist in the health and (medical) research sector. The first president was Albert Lasker until his death in 1952, after his death his wife Mary Lasker took over the chairmanship, which she held until her death in 1994. The foundation is based in New York City . The foundation's president has been the medical professor Claire Pomeroy since June 2013.
The Lasker Foundation supports various initiatives to promote medical research, whereby the initiatives - according to their own statements - are supported not financially, but logistically, with knowledge transfer and other measures. Numerous interdisciplinary working groups, bills, innovative (web-based) programs, educational forums and scientific studies have developed from these programs. The mission of the foundation is to promote the prevention and treatment of diseases in the health care system through excellent basic research. Another goal is to educate the public about the various health risks.
The values to which the Lasker Foundation is committed are:
- Independence from political and corporate influence
- Impartiality in efforts to educate and raise awareness about medical research concerns
- Leading position in supporting medical science
- Establishing high quality standards in research
The Lasker Awards
The Lasker Awards have been presented since 1946 to living individuals who have made important contributions to the understanding, diagnosis, treatment, cure or prevention of human diseases or other public services in the medical sense. The awards are also known as the American (medicine) Nobel Prizes . 85 of the winners later won a Nobel Prize (as of 2013), 47 of them since 1984.
The awards are given in four different categories. Each of the prizes is endowed with $ 250,000.
- Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award
- Lasker ~ DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award
- Lasker ~ Bloomberg Public Service Award (renamed from Mary Woodard Lasker Public Service Award in 2011 , before that Albert Lasker Public Service Award )
- Lasker ~ Koshland Special Achievement Award in Medical Science (since 1994).
Previous prizes were given under the following names:
- Special Public Health Award (1975–1987)
- Special Award (1947–1959)
- Group Award (1946–1960)
- Albert Lasker Award from the International Society for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled (1954–1972)
- Albert Lasker Award of the National Committee Against Mental Illness (1944–1949)
- Albert Lasker Award of the Planned Parenthood - World Population (1945–1965)
- Albert Lasker Medical Journalism Awards (1949-1969)
- Lasker Foundation: Contact. Retrieved September 30, 2019 .
- Claire Pomeroy | UC Davis Profiles. In: University of California, Davis; UC Davis Profiles. Retrieved September 30, 2019 .
- Claire Pomeroy, MD | Morehouse School of Medicine. Morehouse School of Medicine, accessed September 30, 2019 .
- Lasker Foundation: President's Message. Retrieved September 30, 2019 .
- Sok Ching: Why Didn't These Pioneers of Medicine Receive a Nobel Prize? World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, accessed September 30, 2019 : "America's equivalent of the Nobel Prize."
- Lasker Foundation: FAQ. Retrieved September 30, 2019 .
- Candid: Lasker Foundation Announces Winners of 2019 Awards. Candid; Philanthropy News Digest (PND), September 11, 2019, accessed September 30, 2019 .
- Lasker Foundation: Historical Awards. Historical Archive: Awards No Longer Given by the Foundation. Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation, accessed September 30, 2019 .