Lusatian border wall

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The Lusatian border wall (also known as the Lower Lusatian land ridge ) is a natural area in Saxony and southern Brandenburg . Not far from Weißwasser , it borders on the Muskauer Heide in the south and west and on the Cottbus sand plate in the north . To the west, the Lausitz border wall passes over to the Dahme in the Niedere Fläming , to the east it continues across the border river Lausitzer Neisse in the neighboring state of Poland as Wał Trzebnicki (Trebnitzer Wall) to the river Bóbr (German Bober ). The highest point is the back mountain (Góra Żarska) not far from Żary with almost 227 m above sea level.

The Lusatian border wall with the Muskau folds arch consists of the approximately 150,000 year old compression moraine arches from the Warthestadium of the Saale glaciation , which are characterized by several parallel valleys and ridges. In the area of ​​the upsets layers of the Tertiary have been pressed to the surface. Sander areas are located in front of the heavily domed to level slabs in the south . The long valleys are partially filled with water.

Already in historical times, the coal seams located in the near-surface layers were used for the production of fuel.

The potential natural vegetation is forests of sessile oak-hornbeam-pine mixed forest , oak-beech forest and red beech-sessile oak-pedunculate oak mixed forest.

The Lusatian border wall also represents the border between Lower Lusatia in the north and Upper Lusatia in the south.


  • JH Schroeder, W. Nowell (Ed.): Lübbenau-Calau. Guide to the geology of Berlin and Brandenburg. Volume 3. Geoscientists in Berlin and Brandenburg e. V. Berlin 1995.

Individual evidence

  1. Horst Jage: Arable weed communities of the Dübener Heide and the Fläming . In: Hercynia , Volume 9, No. 4, 1972, pp. 317-391 ( ), p. 319

Coordinates: 51 ° 34 '  N , 14 ° 16'  E