The Liquidation Commission, full name of the Polish Liquidation Committee of Galicia and Cieszyn Silesia, was the Polish transitional government for parts of the disintegrating Danube Monarchy at the end of the First World War that formerly belonged to Poland . The Polish name was Polska Komisja Likwidacyjna Galicji i Śląska Cieszyńskiego; “Komisja Likwidacyjna” is also translated as “Liquidation Committee” or “Polish Liquidation Committee”.
The Liquidation Commission was founded on October 28, 1918. It began its work three days later. The chair had Wincenty Witos from PSL "Piast" and Ignacy Daszyński . The commander of the armed forces was Bolesław Roja . The Liquidation Commission took on extensive legislative and executive tasks in order to transfer the affected areas from the Union of the Danube Monarchy to that of the second Polish Republic, which was being constituted, while maintaining public order.
In both of the areas under its administration, there were armed conflicts with newly founded states of other nationalities: Galicia was incorporated into the Habsburg Monarchy with the partition of Poland in 1772 and 1815. Far more Ukrainians than Poles lived in its eastern part; only a few large cities had a Polish majority there. Thus, on November 1, 1918 in Lviv the West Ukrainian People's Republic was proclaimed. The Cieszyn Silesia or Olsa region was the eastern part of Moravian Silesia and, like all of Silesia , came to the Bohemian Crown from the split Piast state in the 14th century . Here, with different local weightings, groups of the German, Czech and Polish language lived together, some with transitional dialects. The Olsa region was also claimed by Czechoslovakia .
- Werner Conze and Hartmut Boockmann, German History in Eastern Europe. Between Adria and Karawanken , Volume 8 from: German History in Eastern Europe , Siedler, 1999. P. 168