|Place in Potsdam|
View to the southeast with the Brandenburg Gate
|Hist. Names||Place of Nations|
Zeppelinstrasse, Allee to Sanssouci, Zimmerstrasse, Schopenhauerstrasse
|Buildings||Fountain, Brandenburg Gate|
|User groups||Pedestrian traffic , bicycle traffic , road traffic|
The Luisenplatz in Potsdam is located at the western end of the inner-city pedestrian zone Brandenburger Straße in front of the Brandenburg Gate and thus outside the urban area of 1733. Three streets lead from the square to the west: Zeppelinstraße ( B 1 , formerly Luisenstraße) in the direction of Brandenburg an der Havel , Zimmerstrasse in the Brandenburg suburb of Potsdam and the avenue to Sanssouci to the Green Grid , a representative entrance to the royal and imperial Sanssouci Park .
The Luisenplatz was built together with the city wall around 1733, as part of the second city expansion, initially as a wood gathering place. On December 21, 1793, the 17-year-old Princess Luise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1776–1810), who later became famous Queen Luise, was received here in the former residence of the Prussian kings and German emperors . In 1854, the Luisenplatz was designed by the garden artist and General Garden Director of the Royal Prussian Gardens, Peter Joseph Lenné , and provided with a fountain.
From 1880 a single-track horse-drawn tram drove through the Brandenburg Gate over the southern Luisenplatz to Luisenstrasse. In 1907 it was electrified and relocated as a tram from Brandenburger Strasse to Charlottenstrasse. This created a tight double curve in Hohenzollernstraße (today Schopenhauerstraße), which became increasingly dangerous with the emerging motor vehicle traffic. In February 1931, Luisenplatz was redesigned so that a stop with two pedestrian islands could be built. The garden on the square was paved and used as a parking lot.
In 1945 the square was renamed “Brandenburger Platz” and in 1951 “Place of Nations”. During the GDR era, it was used for years for folk festivals and Christmas markets. In 1991 it was renamed Luisenplatz.
In 1999/2000, the square was redesigned again in preparation for the Federal Horticultural Show taking place in Potsdam in 2001 , underground by building an underground car park to replace the parking areas established in the 1930s and above ground by re-greening with rows of linden trees special non-drip cultivation. Since then, the center of the square has again been adorned with a fountain basin with a fountain, as it was in Lenné's gardens from 1855. The current design is thus a reinterpretation of Lenné's original designs from 1854. The tram line was straightened in 1999 and has since passed the southern edge of the square.
At Luisenplatz there are various restaurants, cafés and at the branch to the avenue to Sanssouci there is a branch of the city tourist information . Every year smaller city festivals, including the Luisenfest, market operations and part of the Potsdam Christmas market, with an ice rink and fairy tale forest for children, are held on Luisenplatz.
Sights: Brandenburg Gate and Luisenplatz. State capital Potsdam, accessed on September 21, 2015 .
- ^ Wolf-Dietger Machel , Michael Günther: Potsdamer Nahverkehr: Tram and trolleybus in Brandenburg's state capital . Geramond-Verlag, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-932785-03-7 . , Pp. 63/64
- ^ Klaus Arlt: Potsdamer street names
- ↑ Tram Potsdam: Post-war history from 1945 on www.potsdam-straba.de
Coordinates: 52 ° 23 '58 " N , 13 ° 2' 50.5" E