Coin Cabinet

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The museum entrance in the Residenz, Munich State Coin Collection (2007)

A coin cabinet is a collection of coins.

After the first collections of historical coins in the 14th and 15th centuries , the first princely coin collections were created parallel to the curiosity cabinets in the 16th century . In the course of the 19th century , many of these went into public collections. Some of these took over closed collections of ancient and medieval coins. In the 19th century, there were also civic, mostly regionally oriented, cabinets of dynastic origin.

The most important coin cabinets in the German-speaking area today are the coin cabinets in Berlin ( Münzkabinett Berlin ), Dresden ( Münzkabinett ), Frankfurt a. M. ( Money Museum of the Deutsche Bundesbank ), Munich ( State Coin Collection Munich ), Vienna ( Art History Museum ) and Winterthur ( Coin Cabinet and Antique Collection of the City of Winterthur ).

In the rest of Europe, the largest cabinets are in London ( British Museum ), Paris ( Bibliothèque Nationale ), Saint Petersburg ( Ermitage ) and Stockholm . In principle, their collections are of universal design, even if the focus is different. The largest collection worldwide in terms of number of objects is located in the State History Museum in Moscow.

There are also permanent coin cabinets in Germany in Bonn, Frankfurt / Main ( Historical Museum and Goethe University Frankfurt am Main ), Gotha, Halle ( State Coin Cabinet Saxony-Anhalt ), Hamburg, Hanover ( Lower Saxony Coin Cabinet ), Jena (University), Karlsruhe, Cologne (Institute for Classical Studies at the University of Cologne), Munich ( State Coin Collection ), Münster ( LWL Museum for Art and Culture ), Nuremberg, Schwerin, Stuttgart and Tübingen (University). Your tasks not only include research, but are also partly networked with the preservation of monuments , for which you collect and process the coin finds.

In the student language of the 19th century, the expression Münzkabinett was used synonymously for purse .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Kluge / Werner Rust: German student language . Trübner, Strasbourg 1895 (new edition volume 2: Student History Association of the Coburg Convent, Nuremberg 1985), p. 54.