Maryknoll Missionary Order
The Maryknoll Missionary Order ( Latin : Societas de Maryknoll pro missionibus exteris , Engl . : Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America , order abbreviation : MM ) is a society of apostolic life in the Roman Catholic Church . It was named Maryknoll after its mother house and was founded in 1911. As early as 1918, the mission society, which consists of priests , lay brothers and sisters , sent its first missionaries to the Republic of China .
Fathers Thomas Frederick Price and James Anthony Walsh founded the Missionary Order in Hawthorne , New York , which was sustained by Pope Pius X on June 29, 1911 . In the following year, under Mary Josephine Rogers (Mollie) from Jamaica Plain in Massachusetts, a branch of the female order was established, but it was not recognized as an independent order until 1920. The name Maryknoll of the order comes from the seminary for the training of young priests near Ossining in New York , founded in 1920 , which was called Mary 's knoll in devotions of Mary .
Organizationally, the mission order is divided into three legally independent branches:
- The Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers , as the male branch of the missionary community, comprise around 550 members in all parts of the world, especially in Africa, South America and Asia.
- The Maryknoll Sisters were founded in 1912. They are also active in the mission and today (2003) have 604 members from 22 nations and are represented in the following countries: American Samoa, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil, Cambodia, Chile, China, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Japan, Kenya, Korea, Marshall Islands, Mexico, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Sudan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, United States of America, Yap and Zimbabwe.
- Maryknoll Lay Missioners are almost 100 men and women (as of 2010) who provide development aid through their work in the spirit of Christian charity in the poorest regions of Africa, Asia and America.
The Maryknoll Institute of African Studies (MIAS) is an ecumenical educational institution open to students of all faiths to impart knowledge of (East) African culture . The MIAS is academically the Saint Mary's University of Minnesota in the US and the Tangaza College in Kenya's Nairobi connected.
- James Anthony Walsh (1911-1936)
- James Edward Walsh (1936-1946)
- Raymond Aloysius Lane (August 7, 1946 - August 6, 1956)
- John William Comber (August 6, 1956 - August 7, 1966)
- John C. Sivalon (2001-2008)
- Edward M. Dougherty ( 2009-2014 )
- Raymond J. Finch (2014 - ...)
Conflicts with the bishop in Puno, Peru
The then Roman Catholic Bishop of July, José María Ortega Trinidad , did not want Maryknoll Fathers Jaime Madden, Miguel Briggs, Roberto Hoffmann and Edmundo Cookson to remain in the prelature.
- Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann (1933–2017), Catholic priest, Nicaraguan politician and diplomat
- Roy Bourgeois (* 1938), Catholic priest and peace activist (until 2012)
- Official site (English)
- ↑ a b Official website of the Maryknoll Fathers and Brothers , cf. about us (English).
- ↑ a b Official website of the Maryknoll Sisters (English)
- ↑ Official site of the Maryknoll Lay Missioners (English).
- ^ Willi Knecht: Church persecution in Peru . ( Memento from August 12, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) August 26, 2013