material flow

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As a material flow 2411 all operations and their concatenation are in accordance with VDI obtaining , handling and processing and in the distribution of material goods within certain specified production understood areas. These areas can be individual workplaces, factories, departments, or plants. Areas can include various stations between incoming and outgoing goods : inspection processes , storage processes , processing processes, conveying (transporting), handling , assembling , collecting , distributing , sorting , picking and packing . At the boundaries of the areas or at the stations, the material flow is recorded using the material flow objects; These can be goods , parts or assemblies , but also different loading units , conveying aids and means of transport .

If you consider the flow of materials beyond the respective limits of the production areas, one speaks of a supply chain . More recently, the term value stream has been used, and its use also entails the requirement to design material flows only in such a way that value is added to the material in the sense of customer benefit , i.e. waste is avoided.

Material flow structure

One can distinguish the material flow and its structure according to different aspects, e.g. B. whether it is a directed or undirected material flow, whether there are material flow branches and / or merges, whether it is an open or a closed material flow (cycle) etc. The distinction is u. a. important for material flow analysis , the control of material flow systems, the value stream design or the simulation of the material flow .


  • D. Arnold, K. Furmans: Material flow in logistics systems. 5th edition. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-540-45659-9 .
  • D. Arnold, H. Isermann et al. (Ed.): Handbuch Logistik. 3. Edition. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-540-72928-0 .
  • K. Erlach: Value stream design. Springer-Verlag, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-540-37178-6 .
  • R. Jünemann, A. Beyer: Control of material flow and logistics systems. 2nd Edition. Springer Verlag, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-540-64514-4 .
  • R. Jünemann, T. Schmidt: Material flow systems - system technology basics. 2nd Edition. Springer Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-540-65076-8 .
  • H. Krampe, H.-J. Lucke, M. Schenk: Basics of logistics. Theory and practice of logistic systems. HUSS-Verlag 2012, ISBN 978-3-941418-80-6 .


Individual evidence

  1. REFA Association for Work Studies and Business Organization e. V. (Hrsg.): Methodology of the company organization: Lexicon of the company organization . Carl-Hanser, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-446-17523-7 , p. 117.
  2. ^ Arnold, Fuhrmanns: Materialflusslehre , 6th edition, Springer, 2009, p. 1.
  3. OTD-InSite ( Memento of the original from February 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Fraunhofer IML (Ed.), Dortmund 2014. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /