Menachem pear tree

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Menachem Birnbaum (also: Menachem Ascher, Acher et al .; * March 13, 1893 in Vienna ; † probably 1944 ) was a Jewish book artist, portrait draftsman and book illustrator .


Birnbaum was the second son of the Jewish writer and activist Nathan Birnbaum and his wife Rosa Korngut. He was the brother of Uriel Birnbaum . Birnbaum was married to Ernestine (Tina) Esther Helfmann. Their children were Rafael Zwi and Hana. Menachem Birnbaum lived in Berlin from 1911 to 1914 and 1919 to 1933 and worked as a freelance artist, as the publishing director of Welt-Verlag and for Jewish publishers in Berlin. Since 1924 he ran an electrical wholesaler. In 1933 he emigrated to the Netherlands . Here he was in the spring of 1943 by the Gestapo arrested and probably with some of his family in a concentration camp ofNazis murdered. Menachem Birnbaum himself presumably in Auschwitz in 1944, Tina, Rafael Zwi and Hana Birnbaum perhaps already in Sobibor in 1943. According to another source, the family of four died on March 13, 1943 in the Sobibor concentration camp.


  • The High Song , Berlin 1912
  • The Aschmedaj (magazine), Berlin-Warsaw 1912
  • Schlemiel (magazine), Berlin 1919–1920 (editor of the artistic part)
  • Chad Gadjo , Berlin 1920
  • Chad Gadjo , Scheveningen 1935
  • Menachem Birnbaum shows caricatures , The Hague 1937


  • Kitty Zijlmans, Jewish Artists in Exile: Uriel and Menachem Birnbaum. In: Hans Wuerzner (Ed.), Austrian Exile Literature in the Netherlands 1934-1940 , Amsterdam 1986
  • Mirja Birnbaum: Memory of Menachem Birnbaum . in: exile. Research. Findings. Results . Issue 2, 1998, page 54ff. Exilverlag Edita Koch, Frankfurt am Main, ISSN  0721-6742
  • Menachem Birnbaum: Life and Work of a Jewish Artist. an exhibition in the Hagen University Library, November 9th to December 20th, 1999. Texts: Georg Schirmers, Mirjam Birnbaum. Catalog: Georg Schirmers. Hagen: University Library 1999. 90 pp.
  • Pear tree, Menachem. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors . Volume 3: Birk – Braun. Edited by the Bibliographia Judaica archive. Saur, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-598-22683-7 , pp. 22-23.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Digital Monument to the Jewish Community in the Netherlands.

Web links