Middle distance run
Middle distances in athletics are running distances from 800 meters to the English mile (1609 m). Other, seldom run distances such as 600 or 2000 meters are usually classified under medium distances in order to differentiate them from sprint and long distances . The 3000-meter course and the 3000-meter obstacle course are occasionally assigned to the middle distances in statistics, but are, strictly speaking, long distances.
At the Summer Olympics , 800 and 1500 meters are run, and the men have been running since the first games in 1896 . For the women, the 800-meter run was part of the program for the first time in 1928 , but was immediately canceled because the run was considered unreasonably long in view of the exhaustion of the runners. The course has been Olympic again since 1960 , and since 1972 women have also run 1500 meters at the Olympics. Once, in 1908 , middle-distance runners were also involved in the relay race when the Olympic relay (400/200/200/800 m) was run.
In addition, competitions over 1000 meters and - mainly in the Anglo-Saxon region - over a mile are relatively frequent. The International Athletics Federation also registers world records over 2000 meters and the relay races 4 times 800 and 4 times 1500 meters (men only).
The training methods have changed again and again in the course of development and understood the middle distances either as a particularly long sprint or a particularly short long distance (or both). In principle, however, there are three training methods that can be described as main training methods: intensive interval training , continuous performance training, multi-level training. There are also a number of modifications to these methods.
- Arnd Krüger : Many roads lead to Olympia. The changes in training systems for medium and long distance runners (1850–1997) . In: N. Gissel (Hrsg.): Sporting performance in change . Czwalina, Hamburg 1998, pp. 41-56.