Krka National Park
|Krka National Park|
|Location:||Šibenik-Knin , Croatia|
|Specialty:||Diverse flora and fauna ,
|Visitors:||over 600,000 ( 2005 )|
The Croatian Krka National Park covers an area of 109.5 km², the 45-kilometer stretch of the Krka between Knin and Skradin and the lower reaches of the Čikola tributary . The national park was established in 1985. There is a fee to enter.
Flora and fauna
A total of around 860 plant species and 220 animal species live in the national park.
In addition to one of the largest bat colonies in Europe, many amphibians live in the lake area of the river and in the swamps, reptiles in the woods and rocks and in the river 18, ten of which are endemic fish species. Krka is extremely important for bird migration in spring and autumn and, because of its biodiversity, is one of the most valuable biotopes in Europe.
The source of the Krka is at the Topoljski buk waterfall (22 m), which is no longer part of the national park, but is also under protection. In addition to many small, the river has eight large waterfalls, seven of which are within the Krka National Park. Downstream from Knin these are:
- Bilušića buk (22.4 m)
- Ćorića buk or Brljan (15.5 m)
- Manojlovački slapovi (series of waterfalls with a total height of 59.6 m and a main step of 32 m)
- Sondovjel or Rošnjak (8.4 m)
- Miljačka slap (23.8 m)
- Roški slap (26 m)
- Skradinski buk (17 steps with a total height of 45.7 m)
The Skradinski buk is made up of Rauwacken barriers , islands and lakes, which are crossed by a network of paths and bridges for hikers. In contrast to the Plitvice Lakes National Park, which has a similar formation of rock formations, it is allowed to swim below the barriers in the Krka.
In the central reaches of the Krka, its banks have been extensively reforested in the area of the national park. Between Roški slap and Skradinski buk , in the middle of the lake of the same name, is the island of Visovac , which is one of the most important natural and cultural treasures of the Republic of Croatia. The Franciscan Monastery of Our Lady of Mercy and the Church of Our Lady of Visovac have been on it since 1445 . The monastery forms an ambient unit with the landscape of the Visovacer lakes. Throughout the turbulent history of Visovac, it has remained an island of peace and prayer. The Franciscan monastery has an important archaeological collection, a collection of historical vestments and a rich library with old manuscripts, books and incunabula , including an edition of Aesop's fables from the 15th century. Visovac is also called Mother of God Island because of the centuries of worship of the Mother of God. In the national park there is also a Serbian Orthodox monastery from the 16th century (1577) called Krka, which was built on the foundations of a former Roman Catholic monastery.
Above the Roški slap, the Oziđana Cave ( Oziđana pećina ) was opened to visitors in 2014 . In excavations in this cave, fragments of ceramic vessels, stone artifacts and two child human skeletons dating back to 6000 BC were found. Were dated.
The Oziđana Cave opens towards the southwest and is about 59 m long, 2.50 m high and up to 7 m wide. It has two chimneys at the end of about 11 and 9 m high. In total there are over 40 different caves in the Krka National Park.
Parts of the Winnetou films were filmed at the Krka waterfalls (Skradinski buk, Roški slap and the Schleierfalls above the Roški falls) and in the gorge of the river in the 1960s .
- Krka National Park: Price List
- Otvorena Oziđana pećina - nova Atrakcija Nacionalnog parka Krka. Libra doo, Veslarska 8, Rijeka, July 1, 2014, accessed on August 5, 2014 .
- Traces of human settlements have been found in two caves - Oziđanoj pećini and Jazinki. - Official website of the Krka National Park. Nacionalni Park KRKA, accessed on August 5, 2014 .
- Speleological Structures - Official website of the Krka National Park. Nacionalni Park KRKA, accessed on August 5, 2014 .