Official party examination commission for the protection of National Socialist literature
The Party Official Examination Commission for the Protection of National Socialist Literature ( PPK ) was a National Socialist institution that was founded on April 16, 1934 to prevent authors and institutions from articulating themselves as their spokesman without the approval of the NSDAP .
The PPK defined its task above all in the creation of a Nazi bibliography - the examination of works which "in the title, in the presentation, in the publisher's advertisements or in the presentation itself were reported as National Socialist". In particular, she monitored the correct use of quotations from Hitler . Philipp Bouhler , who was appointed head of the " Chancellery of the Führer of the NSDAP " in November 1934 and was personally subordinate to Hitler in this function, became head of the PPK - a delicate suspension Above all, PPK maintained its power in the party journalism market.
The original organizational suspension was even more evidence of the close connection between the PPK and the interests of the Zentralverlag: the work of the new position was based on the editing of the rather Zentralverlag in the initial phase . In November 1934 the office was relocated from Munich to Berlin and thus organizationally independent of the publisher. However, it was not until the order of the Fuehrer's deputy on January 6, 1936 that the position was given independent powers. Its managing director was Karl Heinz Hederich , who de facto headed the PPK as Bouhler's deputy. Organizationally, the PPK managed its work from February 1935 in cooperation with the Deutsche Bücherei in Leipzig, where it had its own "Bibliographical Information Center".
Soon after its foundation, the PPK's competencies in the field of book and press censorship became the venue for competition between the media giant NSDAP and the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda . The PPK required its own competencies in accessing the prosecuting organs in exercising press censorship.
In 1939 the PPK employed 127 people; in 1942 the number of employees had dropped to 60. The number of part-time external editors is given as 692 for 1942, in the same year 4,000 books and 700 calendars were checked. The power of the PPK waned after the paper quota was introduced in 1942, under which virtually every publication required prior approval from the Propaganda Ministry. In January 1943, the PPK was incorporated into the office of the DBFU by Alfred Rosenberg . With the Control Council Act No. 2 of October 10, 1945, the Party Official Examination Commission was additionally banned as a Nazi organization by the Allied Control Council and a new establishment was prohibited.
- Jan-Pieter Barbian : Literary politics in the "Third Reich". Institutions, competencies, fields of activity (= German 4668). Revised and updated edition. Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, Munich 1995, ISBN 3-423-04668-6 , pp. 298–321, (at the same time: Trier, Universität, Dissertation, 1991).
- Hans-Walter Schmuhl : Philipp Bouhler - A pioneer of mass murder. In: Ronald Smelser , Enrico Syring , Rainer Zitelmann : The brown elite. Volume 2: 21 further biographical sketches. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1993, ISBN 3-534-11232-6 , pp. 39-50.
- NS Bibliography (NSB). In: Cornelia Schmitz-Berning: Vocabulary of National Socialism. 2nd, revised and revised edition. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 2007, ISBN 978-3-11-019549-1 , p. 434 f.
- Olaf Simons: Official Party Examination Commission for the Protection of National Socialist Literature, PPK. In: polunbi.de. 2004 .
Individual references, footnotes
- Olaf Simons: Official Party Examination Commission for the Protection of National Socialist Literature, PPK. In: polunbi.de. 2004, accessed August 31, 2019 .
- Hans-Walter Schmuhl: Philipp Bouhler - A forerunner of mass murder. In: Ronald Smelser, Enrico Syring, Rainer Zitelmann: The brown elite. Volume 2. 1993, pp. 39-50, here p. 43.
- Gottlob Berger to Heinrich Himmler on January 29, 1943, in: Helmut Heiber (Ed.): Reichsführer!… Letters from and to Himmler. Deutsche Verlagsanstalt, Stuttgart 1968, Document 198.