from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The pastourelle , sometimes also referred to as pastorelle (the word comes from the Latin pastora , "shepherdess"), is a formally simple genre that originated in early Occitan poetry around 1150 and was adopted in other European literatures of the Middle Ages. The theme of the pastourelle is the unexpected encounter between a knight and a shepherdess in the great outdoors. In the original version of the genre, the encounter ended with the young shepherdess rejecting the socially superior advertising man, but other variants were quickly written, especially those in which the man reached his goal.

This oldest surviving pastourelle comes from the Occitan troubadour Marcabru ( L'autrier jost'una sebissa ); the heyday of the genus was in the 13th century. Pastourelles by Oswald von Wolkenstein , among others, have come down to us from the 14th century . The later pastoral poetry of the Renaissance and Baroque does not go back to them, but has ancient roots.

"Pastorella" in music

In baroque music, the term “pastorella” is not uncommon for instrumental or orchestral music. For example with Johann David Heinichen , Kapellmeister of the Dresdener Hof: In his Concerto in C major (Seibel 211) in the second movement under the title “Pastorell” he faithfully imitates a rural bagpipe music with strings and oboes. Thus, parallel to the will shepherd poetry and pastoral play on stage, the fashion of rural Fête galante of Antoine Watteau indulged.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ CD Johann David Heinichen. Dresden Concerti. Musica Antiqua Cologne . Reinhard Goebel . Archive production .