Whip (musical instrument)

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In music, a whip denotes both a counter-strike idiophone , the sound of which is intended to imitate the crack of a long whip without endangering fellow musicians of the percussionist , and a real whip that is used musically according to the Hornbostel-Sachs system and classified as a free distraction aerophone .

Counter strike plate

The Idiophon Whip is a counter strike plate , also known as a joint rattle , and basically corresponds to the starter flap known from school sports , but without its optical signaling device. This orchestra whip consists of two wooden slats with handles that are connected to one another by a hinge or a strap and that are struck against each other to generate sound.

Distraction aerophone

A real whip is used in Goaßlschnalzen in Bavaria and Austria . With her, the sound is created by an abrupt whirling of the air at the end of the whip, which is accelerated to the speed of sound . The tip of the whip breaks the sound barrier and a shock wave is created .

In the Swiss canton of Uri , the whip is onomatopoeically called Chlepfe and in the canton of Aargau is called Chlöpf . In Switzerland, the short wagon whip is differentiated from the long sheep whip.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Wilhelm Stauder: Old musical instruments in their development and history over thousands of years. Klinkhardt & Biermann, Munich 1973, p. 415
  2. Physics: How the whip cracks. Geo, October 8, 2002
  3. ^ Brigitte Bachmann-Geiser : The folk musical instruments of Switzerland. ( Ernst Emsheimer , Erich Stockmann (eds.): Handbook of European Folk Music Instruments. Series 1, Volume 4) Deutscher Verlag für Musik, Leipzig 1981, pp. 67–69