Philippe Vayringe

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Philippe Vayringe (* 1684 in Nouillonpont ; † 1745 in Tuscany ) was a French equipment manufacturer, known for building calculating machines .


Vayringe came from a poor farming family in the north of Lorraine (department Meuse), but was able to attend school and learned to read and write there. He trained as a locksmith and watchmaker in Nancy .

He presented a number of scientific instruments made by him to Duke Leopold of Lorraine and became a watchmaker and machinist for the Duke, who sent him to England in 1721 for further training in mathematics. On his return he became a professor of experimental physics at the Academy in Lunéville in 1731 , where he taught the theories of Isaac Newton . He built the pumping stations in the garden of the ducal castle of Luneville. His inventions were also used in mines as far as Peru. He was considered by his contemporaries as the "Archimedes" of Lorraine.

In 1737 he went with Duke Franz III. from Lorraine (Maria Theresa's husband) first to Vienna and then to Tuscany to Florence. Francis III had been compensated with Tuscany as a replacement for Lorraine, which he had to give up. Vayringe died there nine years later.

In Vienna he completed Anton Braun's calculating machine , who was an instrument maker at the Viennese court, but died in 1728. The original and a modern replica is in the Deutsches Museum in Munich (as well as in the Arithmeum and the Heimatmuseum in Möhringen an der Donau , Braun's hometown). On the lid it says Braun invenit, Vayringe fecit (Braun invented it, Vayringe built it). Braun probably got the suggestion from Jacob Leupold .

Several of his pocket watches have also been preserved.

A street in Nouillonpont is named after him.

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