Pierre Villon

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Pierre Villon , born Roger Ginsburger , (born August 27, 1901 in Sulz / Upper Alsace ; † November 6, 1980 in Vallauris , Alpes-Maritimes department ) was a French architect and politician . As a member of the Resistance , he took the battle name Pierre Villon and later kept it.


He was a member of the French Communist Party , which was banned in September 1939. Like many other communists, Villon went underground and after the fall of France joined the resistance against the German occupiers. Thanks to their previous experience in the underground struggle, the French communists were better prepared for work in the Resistance than the communist parties in other occupied countries.

In the underground Villon brought out the newspaper L'Humanité , in which he called for a National Front for the independence of France. Later he was one of the co-founders of the resistance group Front National .

In February 1942 protracted discussions of the various Resistance groups began about a union. Jean Moulin achieved that the eight main Resistance groups, ie

formed the National Council of Resistance ( Conseil National de la Résistance , CNR).

Villon remained loyal to the CNR until the start of the Normandy landings when he tried to organize a general uprising against the occupying forces.

After the liberation of France, he was a member of the provisional consultative national assembly and later of the constituent national assemblies. From 1946 to 1978 (with the exception of 1962 to 1967) he was elected as a member of the National Assembly in his constituency of Alliers .

After the war, Villon was elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party, of which he was a member until 1970. He remained one of the deputy chairpersons until 1978.

Works (selection)

  • New building in the world , 1929.
  • Young French architecture , 1930.

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