|( Buining & Brederoo ) F. Knight|
Pilosocereus fulvilanatus grows shrubby or tree-shaped, branches above the base and reaches heights of 2 to 4 meters. The upright, gray-green shoots have a conspicuous wax covering near the tip and are 5 to 12 centimeters in diameter. There are 4 to 8 ribs. The opaque thorns thickened at the base are yellow-brown to black. The 1 to 7 central spines are 1 to 3 inches long. The ascending 8 to 10 radial spines lie on the surface of the shoots and are 8 to 15 millimeters long. The flowering part of the shoots is very distinct. It is located near the tip of the shoot as well as below and extends over one to several ribs. Many 2 to 4 centimeters long, golden brown hairs arise from the areoles there.
The funnel-shaped flowers are 3.6 to 6 centimeters long and 3 to 4 centimeters in diameter. The depressed spherical fruits have a diameter of 3.5 to 6.5 centimeters, tear at the side and contain a magenta-colored pulp.
Systematics, distribution and endangerment
Pilosocereus fulvilanatus is common in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais . The first description as Pseudopilocereus fulvilanatus was published in 1973 by Albert Frederik Hendrik Buining and Arnold J. Brederoo (1917-1999). Friedrich Ritter placed them in the genus Pilosocereus in 1979 .
The following subspecies are distinguished:
- Pilosocereus fulvilanatus subsp. fulvilanatus
- Pilosocereus fulvilanatus subsp. pink (PJbrown) Zappi
- Pilosocereus fulvilanatus subsp. vanheekianus P.J.Braun & Esteves
Pilosocereus fulvilanatus and the subspecies Pilosocereus fulvilanatus subsp. fulvilanatus were in the Red List of Threatened Species of IUCN in 2002 as " Vulnerable (VU) , d". H. endangered and the subspecies Pilosocereus fulvilanatus subsp. rosae as " Critically Endangered (CR) ", d. H. critically endangered, classified. After the revision of the list in 2013, the species will be classified as " Near Threatened (NT)". H. listed as low endangered and the two subspecies excluded.
- Edward F. Anderson : The Great Cactus Lexicon . Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-8001-4573-1 , p. 539-540 .
- Cacti and other succulents . Volume 24, No. 7, 1973, pp. 145-147.
- Cacti in South America: Results of my 20 years of field research . Volume 1, 1979, p. 84.
- Pilosocereus fulvilanatus in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013.2. Listed by: Zappi, D. & Taylor, NP, 2010. Retrieved January 3, 2014.