Protopunk is a name given to a number of bands that are considered to be the trailblazers of punk or who are cited as a major influence by early punk bands.
Most of the bands assigned to the protopunk genre come from American rock 'n' roll of the 1960s and early 1970s. The garage rock - for, among others, the blending of elements from avant-garde as well as bands of the British Invasion designated success of British bands in the United States in the 1960s together with their lyrics about drugs and sex is a source of inspiration was - is generally regarded as influential for the Protopunk. The first ska wave also influenced punk and led to the introduction of the offbeat , which can still be found in punk today.
Bands like The Velvet Underground , MC5 , The Dictators , The Stooges , the New York Dolls , The Monks or - as early as the first half of the 1960s - The Sonics laid the foundation for the from around 1974 with their minimalist guitar riffs and aggressive rhythms burgeoning punk wave.
The compilation Nuggets , first published in 1972, is a collection of raw and reduced recordings by American garage rock bands of the 1960s and is considered to be influential in the development of punk.
Overall, however, the concept of protopunk is difficult to delimit and specifically define. Often, for example, only a certain setting is used as reference points instead of musical similarities. A direct personal connection between the protopunk and punk bands exists in the person of the American band manager Danny Fields , who initially managed the bands MC5 and The Stooges , and from 1975 the punk band Ramones .
- Legs McNeil, Gillian McCain: Please Kill Me - the uncensored story of punk . Koch International GmbH / Hannibal, 2004. ISBN 978-3-85445-237-9 . Standard work on the history of punk from 1967–1992, original edition first published in 1996.
- Article "Protopunk" at allmusic.com (English)