Coup in Honduras 2009
After a constitutional conflict between the president and parliament on the one hand and the Supreme Court on the other hand took 28 June 2009 Military in Honduras President Jose Manuel Zelaya prisoner and took him against his will to Costa Rica . Following was Roberto Micheletti declared a de facto president. This should lead the country until the elections in November 2009.
Zelaya wanted on 28 June 2009, a plebiscite be discouraged about whether the same one at the next election in November referendum on convening a constituent assembly should be performed. Opponents accused Zelaya of intending to allow himself a presidential re-election, which is inadmissible according to the constitution. The plan for a constitutional reform was supported by trade unions, farmers and civil society organizations, who hoped to have a greater say through a reform towards participatory democracy .
In the early hours of the morning of June 28, 2009, a command of the Honduran Army stormed the residence of President Manuel Zelaya and captured him. Zelaya was taken to the Soto Cano air force base in Palmerola, which was shared by the Honduran and US military, and then flown to Costa Rica on a military aircraft.
An alleged resignation was read out in parliament. Parliament accepted the resignation and then appointed Roberto Micheletti MP as interim president, although it was not authorized to do so. According to official information, all 124 MPs present (out of a total of 128) voted for Micheletti's appointment, like Zelaya, a member of the Liberal Party. He was supposed to run government until January 2010.
A night curfew was imposed by Parliament's decision. In the days that followed, the curfew was extended by Micheletti's decree, and civil rights, such as the right of assembly and freedom of movement, were lifted for the night.
On June 28, 2009 the de facto cabinet was sworn in.
After the military coup, the de facto government imposed a curfew; Nevertheless, there were massive public protests against Zelaya's removal. There were protests and barricades demanding the return of President Zelaya in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula .
The coup was condemned around the world and the de facto government was not recognized. All EU states and all American states with the exception of the USA withdrew their diplomatic missions at ambassador level from Honduras in the following days.
In order to bring about a solution to the conflict, Costa Rica's President and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Óscar Arias offered to mediate, which both sides accepted. Negotiations in Costa Rica were inconclusive.
On September 21, 2009, Zelaya secretly returned to Honduras and found asylum in the Brazilian embassy. Honduras' coup government again imposed a curfew and urged Brazil to turn Zelaya over to Honduran justice.
On September 27, 2009, the coup government declared a state of emergency for 45 days by decree and restricted numerous democratic freedoms.
After a four-month stay in the Brazilian embassy in Tegucigalpa and after negotiations between Porfirio Lobo and the Dominican President Leonel Fernández , Zelaya was able to travel to the Dominican Republic with his family and close colleagues .
- Honduras: Golpe de estado desde la perspectiva constitucional (span.) By Dr. rer. pole. Roberto Martínez Castañeda, Ambassador of Honduras to the Federal Republic of Germany (Berlin) and the European Union (Brussels), Frente de Reforma Universitaria (September 3, 2009)
- TeguciGolpe - coup in the backyard . Dossier with analyzes of the coup in Honduras
- Exclusive interview with Manuel Zelaya , znet, May 31, 2011
- Military coup President Zelaya . In: Stern , June 28, 2009
- Honduran leader forced into exile. At British Broadcasting Corporation , June 28, 2009
- EE.UU. admite aterrizaje de Zelaya en Palmerola el día del golpe en Honduras. In: teleSUR. Retrieved September 3, 2009, September 6, 2009 (Spanish).
- fallen president speaks of kidnapping . At Spiegel Online - Politik , June 28, 2009
- Fake Zelaya's declaration of resignation. (pdf; 162 kB) (No longer available online.) Formerly in the original ; Retrieved January 23, 2011 (Spanish). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Honduran President Chasedof Office - An Old School Coup . In: taz , June 29, 2009
- Honduras restricts civil rights . ( Memento of July 8, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) In: Zeit-Online , July 1, 2009
- Tiempo.hn ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. June 29, 2009 (offline)
- HONDURAS - New Ministerial Cabinet In: Poder 360
- EU withdrew all ambassadors from Honduras. In: Small newspaper. July 2, 2009. Retrieved July 3, 2009 .
- International Isolation of Honduran Military Regime Grows. In: Periódico July 26 , 2009, archived from the original on July 6, 2009 ; Retrieved July 3, 2009 .
- No breakthrough in attempted mediation in Honduras' crisis . At: AFP , July 10, 2009
- Zelaya's return plunges Honduras into crisis. In: Spiegel Online - Politik , September 22, 2009
- cf. Honduras: Zelaya agrees to leave at focus.de, January 24, 2010 (accessed on January 24, 2010)