Rashi script

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Talmud : Beginning of the treatise “Berachoth”. In the middle Mishnah and Gemara in square script, on the right the commentary by Rashi, on the left and outside later commentaries in Rashi script

The Rashi script ( Hebrew כתב רש״י k'tav raschi ), rarely also rabbinical script , is a variant of the Hebrew script based on the Sephardic Hebrew semi-italic script , which is mainly used to reproduce rabbinic commentaries on texts from the Hebrew Bible and the Talmud . This typeface, called Maschket or Maschait script , was originally mainly used for book manuscripts and was retained after the invention of printing. It was first used in book printing, as far as is known, in the edition of the Torah commentary by the French-Jewish scholar Rashi (1040–1105) printed by Abraham ben Garton in 1475 in Reggio di Calabria . Since the Bible or Talmud text and rabbinic commentary in print are displayed on a page, such as in the Bomberg - and Soncino -Talmud spending, is the font of the distinction between primary text for which the Assyrian called square script is used and rabbinical comment and was named "Rashi Script". Rashi himself did not write in a Sephardic but in a Zarfatian script in northern French. Some believe that the Rashi script is difficult to read.

Traditionally the texts in Ladino were also printed in Rashi script , sometimes also Yiddish texts, for which, however, mostly an Ashkenazi Maschket script called "Waibertaitsch" was used. Today, both are usually printed in square font.

The Rashi script compared to the square script
Rashi script / square script
א =Hebrew letter Alef Rashi.png ב =Hebrew letter Bet Rashi.png ג =Hebrew letter Gimel Rashi.png ד =Hebrew letter Daled Rashi.png ה =Hebrew letter He Rashi.png ו =Hebrew letter Vav Rashi.png ז =Hebrew letter Zayin Rashi.png ח =Hebrew letter Het Rashi.png ט =Hebrew letter Tet Rashi.png
י =Hebrew letter Yud Rashi.png כ =Hebrew letter Kaf-nonfinal Rashi.png ך =Hebrew letter Kaf-final Rashi.png ל =Lamed (Rashi-script - Hebrew letter) .svg מ =Hebrew letter Mem-nonfinal Rashi.png ם =Hebrew letter Mem-final Rashi.png נ =Hebrew letter Nun-nonfinal Rashi.png ן =Hebrew letter Nun-final Rashi.png ס =Hebrew letter Samekh Rashi.png
ע =Hebrew letter Ayin Rashi.png פ =Hebrew letter Pe-nonfinal Rashi.png ף =Hebrew letter Pe-final Rashi.png צ =Hebrew letter Tsadik-nonfinal Rashi.png ץ =Hebrew letter Tsadik-final Rashi.png ק =Hebrew letter Kuf Rashi.png ר =Hebrew letter Resh Rashi.png ש =Hebrew letter Shin Rashi.png ת =Hebrew letter Taf Rashi.png

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Adin Steinsaltz : Talmud for everyone . Verlag Morascha, Basel 1998, p. 103, excerpts online
  2. a b Solomon Asher Birnbaum : Alphabet, Hebrew; Mashait Script . In: Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik (eds.): Encyclopaedia Judaica . 2nd edition, Volume 1, Macmillan Reference USA, Detroit 2007, pp. 718ff. online: Gale Virtual Reference Library
  3. a b Rafael Arnold: One Discourse - Four Traditions. The Venetian Haggadah of 1609 , pp. 124ff. In: Heidi Aschenberg, Raymund Wilhelm (ed.): Romance language history and discourse traditions: files of the eponymous section of the XXVII. German Romance Day . Volume 464 of Tübingen Contributions to Linguistics. Gunter Narr Verlag, Tübingen 2003 ISBN 3-8233-5760-3 online in extracts
  4. ^ Rashi's Commentary on the Pentateuch. Reggio di Calabria: Abraham ben Garton, February 18, 1475. First dated printed Hebrew Book . Judaica Online Exhibitions, University of Pennsylvania
  5. David Bridger, Samuel Wolk (Ed.): The New Jewish Encyclopedia . Behrman House, West Orange, NJ 1976, p. 400, ISBN 0-87441-120-3 (English) online in extracts
  6. Justin Jaron Lewis: Imagining Holiness. Classic Hasidic Tales in Modern Times , McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal et al. 2009, p. 73 and note 27, p. 289, ISBN 0-7735-3519-5 (English) in excerpts online  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / books.google.ch  
  7. Dovid Katz : “Language Yiddish. Ashkenazic Relocation to the East ” . In: The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe , online edition
  8. Kenneth B. Moss: "Printing and Publishing. Printing and Publishing after 1800 " . In: The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe , online edition

Web links

Commons : Raschi script  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Raschischrift  - explanations of meanings, word origins , synonyms, translations