Region del Nuevo Cuyo
The Cuyo region has the lowest level of integration of the Argentine regions. There is hardly any cooperation between the provinces.
In some sources, the province of La Rioja is also counted as part of the Argentine northwest , but it is only integrated into the Cuyo region, not the Norte Grande region.
The following provinces belong to the Cuyo region:
The fourth largest city in Argentina, Mendoza (848,660 inhabitants) is located in this region, it is agro-industrial and administrative. In addition, San Juan (421,640 inhabitants) is another important center. Other major cities are La Rioja , San Luis , San Rafael and Villa Mercedes .
The western border of the region is formed by the Andes , which in the province of Mendoza have their highest point, the Aconcagua (6,959 m). To the east of it is the dry steppe of Mount Monte , in the valleys of this region there are partly extensive artificially irrigated oases. In the far east, in La Rioja, San Luis and San Juan, the first foothills of the Sierras Pampeanas can be found .
Agriculture in the oases and the associated processing industry is the main branch of the economy in the region, with viticulture being particularly important. Furthermore, petroleum is extracted and processed in Mendoza. San Luis is characterized by agriculture and livestock.
Tourism in the region is mainly concentrated in the Andes, where mountaineers come together in summer and skiers in winter (winter sports centers Las Leñas and Puente del Inca in Mendoza); there are also numerous reservoirs in the south of Mendoza that attract bathers. In the north of San Juan is the desert-like park Ischigualasto with curious rock formations and important archaeological excavation sites, which is also called Valle de la Luna (moon valley) and forms a unit with the Talampaya National Park in La Rioja. In San Luis, the Sierra de los Comechingones is the most popular tourist destination.