A gutter is originally a paving stone with an embedded hollow and is used as a component in road and path construction . It is mostly used to drain rainwater and is typically located between the curb and the street .
Later the term was applied to each trough-shaped groove transmitted, which takes over the function of the gutter, regardless of whether they are made up of individual building stones or artificial stones was prepared paved or by elongated Goss rotor is limited. The gutter in the broader sense is also known as Kandel in southern Germany .
Pierer's universal lexicon of 1857 lists the following meanings for the term:
- On the one hand it is "the hollowed out stones running along the streets in some cities (for example Berlin), which lead the day water or flushing light to the sluices".
- On the other hand, it is also used to describe "a sandstone about 3 feet tall, hollowed out a few inches deep in kitchens, usually placed in a window recess at parapet height, through which the superfluous and impure water is drained."
- Furthermore, this is "the hollowed stone located under the mouth of the waste pipe, which directs the roof water to the sluices or gutters. This sewage device then mostly directed the liquids onto the street. "
According to Lueger, the gutter or the "gutters" are paved gutters 1–1.5 m wide, as they are used on roads where there is no space for side ditches (in localities with high-lying footpaths) [Fig. 1], in deep incisions with laterally limiting retaining walls [Fig. 2] "
- RINNSTEIN, m.. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 14 : R - skewness - (VIII). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1893, Sp. 1025 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- Gutter . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition. tape 14 . Altenburg 1862, p. 179 ( zeno.org ).
- Gossen . In: Lueger: Lexicon of the entire technology and its auxiliary sciences . Volume 4. Stuttgart / Leipzig 1906, p. 599.