Karl Dunkmann

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Karl Dunkmann (born April 2, 1868 in Aurich , † November 28, 1932 in Berlin ) was a Protestant theologian and sociologist .


Born as the son of the book printer owner Adolf Hermann Friedrich Dunkmann and his wife Johanna (née Gerdes), he studied at the University of Halle , the University of Basel and the University of Greifswald . He had initially devoted himself to studying theology, became a pastor in Stolp in 1894 , returned to Greifswald in 1905, obtained a licentiate in theology there, and in 1907 became director of the preacher's seminary and curator of the Luther House in Wittenberg .

After receiving his doctorate in theology during his time in Wittenberg , he took up a full professorship for systematic and practical theology at Greifswald University in 1912 . In 1917 he turned from a scientific influence of Ferdinand Tonnies of sociology to and took over in 1918 a lecturer in this subject at TU Berlin . In 1919 he was a leading member of the Protestant branch of the Berlin Center Party. In 1924 he founded the Institute for Applied Sociology in Berlin , founded the journal “ Archive for Applied Sociology ” and formulated a strongly philosophizing neo-Hegelian sociology: If we call the historically real the concrete, the superhistorical real the real itself, then the sociological method arises in the dialectical application of this opposition between the real and the concrete. Now under the intellectual influence of Othmar Spann , he vigorously defended it (1928 The Battle for Othmar Spann ).

He died in 1932 in the last quarter of the Weimar Republic. Heinz Sauermann dedicated his compilation Problems of German Sociology, published in 1933 , to him .

Fonts (selection)

Sociology of Work (1933)
  • System of theological epistemology, 1909
  • Studies and Reviews, 1909
  • Cross and resurrection as the basis of the salvation community, 1909
  • The religious a priori and history, 1914
  • The historical Jesus, the mythological Christ and Jesus the Christ, 1910, 1911
  • Old and new from the treasure of a householder, 1911
  • Metaphysics of History, 1914
  • Idealism or Christianity ?, 1914
  • The aftermath of Schleiermacher's doctrine of principles , 1915
  • Schleiermacher's theological principles, 1916
  • Philosophy of Religion, 1917
  • The Doctrine of the Profession, 1922
  • The Critique of Social Reason, 1924
  • Concept and task of applied sociology , 1929
  • Textbook of Sociology and Social Philosophy, 1931
  • Sociology of Labor , 1933


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