In the building industry, the component is a functional component of a building . According to EN ISO 10209 a component (Engl .: component, Frz .: composant) is defined as, quote: "Part of a piece of equipment that cannot be further dismantled without losing its basic properties". It thus differs from the individual part in the technical sense, which is defined according to the same standard as "object that cannot be dismantled" .
In principle, a component can be composed of a large number of individual parts . Accordingly, a building section consists of several components (and a building consists of several building sections ).
Component groups such as doors , windows and stairs that are inserted into the building openings after the shell has been completed (without affecting the statics of the building) are often referred to as building elements .
Component groups of domestic and supply technology to contrast rather than components considered the respective plant.
A list of components in construction can be found, for example, in Appendix 3 No. 1–6 of the German Energy Saving Ordinance (EnEV) :
- 1. Exterior walls
- 2. Windows , French doors, skylights and glass roofs
- 3. Exterior doors
- 4. Roofs
- 5. Walls and ceilings against unheated rooms, the ground and outside air below
- 6. Curtain walls
- DIN EN ISO 10209 - Technical product documentation; Vocabulary; Terms for technical drawings, product definition and related documentation . Beuth, November 2012, p. 6 .
- DIN EN ISO 10209 - Technical product documentation; Vocabulary; Terms for technical drawings, product definition and related documentation . Beuth, November 2012, p. 84 .