Sheikh the Azhar
The Sheikh of the Azhar (also known as Sheikh al-Azhar , Arabic شيخ الأزهر Shaykh al-Azhar , DMG Shai-al-Azhar ) is the head of the Azhar , an Islamic academic institution of international standing, which has its seat in Cairo and is maintained by the Egyptian state . It is one of the most prestigious offices within Sunni Islam, some Muslims even consider the Sheikh of Azhar to be the ultimate Islamic authority. He has a great influence on the followers of the theological traditions of the Ash'arites and Maturidites worldwide.
The al-Azhar Sheikh , who is appointed for life , heads the Azhar University, the Azhar Mosque and the Academy for Islamic Studies and bears the title of "the Grand Imam " ( al-imām al-akbar ). The current official is Ahmed el-Tayeb (born 1946). Other well-known personalities who held this office were Sheikh Mahmūd Schaltūt (from 1958 to 1963) and Muhammad Sayyid Tantawi . For a list of past officials see here .
Until 1961, the Sheikh of Azhar was elected by a body of senior scholars, and since then he has been appointed by the government of the Arab Republic of Egypt . Other high religious offices in Egypt are that of the Grand Mufti of Egypt , which has been held by Shawki Ibrahim Allam since 2013 , and that of the Egyptian minister of religion .
- alazhar.gov.eg: Grand Imam Dr. Ahmed Mohammed Ahmed al-Tayeb, Sheikh of Al-Azhar (Arabic)
- Al Azhar has a new Grand Sheikh: Egyptian President appointed the previous Rector of Al-Azhar University Prof. Dr. Ahmad Mohammad Al-Tayyeb
- sunnah.org: The Grand Imams of Al-Azhar Shuyukhul Azhar
- waag-azhar.org (The World Association for Al-Azhar Graduates)
- german.irib.ir: Mursi wants to replace al-Azhar Sheikh ( IRIB , Friday, July 20, 2012)
- radiovaticana.va: Egypt / Vatican: Not just a "communication glitch" ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- islamictext.wordpress.com: Fatwa on music by the Grand Mufti and Shaykh of Al-Azhar
- cf. Defense des dogmes de croyances ach'arites et maturidites
- z. Currently Mohamed El-Quosy