Schenk von Schmittburg

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Coat of arms of the Schenk von Schmittburg

The Schenk von Schmittburg (Schmidtburg) family is a baron family from the Hunsrück , whose origin lies in the castle of the same name near Schneppenbach .


The Schmidtburg in the Hunsrück
Gemünden Castle in the Hunsrück

The Schenken von Schmittburg are a branch of the von Schmidburg family, which first appeared in a document with Giselbert von Schmidburg in 1263, with whom the family line began. They sat as castle men of the wild counts on the Schmidtburg , on whose lower castle they expanded the northwest corner into a largely independent complex. They called themselves Schenken after the Trier court office of the cupbearer . Presumably they inherited it in 1355 through Loretta von Oeren , who married Friedrich von Schmidburg (1336-1384) as a second marriage. They kept the office of inheritance until the end of the Old Kingdom.

Nikolaus Schenk von Schmittburg (1500–1575) in particular succeeded in considerably increasing the family's property on the Hunsrück . In 1514 they bought Gemünden (with Gemünden Castle ) from the heirs of the Sponheimers. In 1630 Nikolaus Schenk von Schmittburg (1585–1644) returned to the Catholic Church. The Schmittburg taverns provided both secular officials - especially in the administration of the Electoral Palatinate - as well as clerical dignitaries, but never made it to the office of bishop. In 1658 they were raised to the baron status. When the von Koppenstein family died out in 1768, they inherited their legacy as their closest relatives. Franz Joseph Ignaz Nepomuk Schenk von Schmittburg died in 1822. He left his daughter Anna Theresia (1784–1868) as the only heir, who was married to Anton Freiherr von Salis-Soglio from Graubünden , a captain in Austrian service who came to the country with the liberation troops of the Austrians, Prussians and Russians was. The barons of Salis-Soglio thus inherited the Schenk von Schmittburg and have owned Gemünden Castle to this day.

Another branch of the von Schmidburg family, the Braun von Schmidtburg, named itself after a castle man Bruno von der Schmidtburg, who probably died before 1300. In the 16th century she inherited the rule of Dudeldorf , in which the abbess of St. Irminen in Trier was the landlady .



coat of arms

Like the von Bollenbach , Heinzenberg , Hollenfels , Sitters and Waldeck families , the Schmittburg taverns have a diamond-shaped, pointed silver sword buckle (rink) adorned with precious stones in a black shield , the thorn turned to the right. On the helmet with black and silver covers, a flat, black tournament hat , the silver faceplate of which at the Schenk von Schmittburg is equipped with six black cock feathers and from which a laurel tree grows instead of the feathers at the Freiherr von Schmidburg.

Like the Bene, Kindel and Lambert von Schmidtburg families , as well as Metzenhausen , Steeg , Waldhase von Daun , Bove von Ulmen and Soetern, the Braun von Schmidtburgs lead a silver wolf fishing rod in a red field with nine stones.

See also


  • Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels , Adelslexikon Volume XII, Volume 125 of the complete series, pp. 525-526, CA Starke Verlag, Limburg (Lahn) 2001, ISSN  0435-2408
  • Peter Brommer: Archive of the Barons of Salis-Soglio (Best. 49). Part 1: Files and official books of the Barons Schenk von Schmidtburg and the Braun von Schmidtburg , (publications of the Landesarchivverwaltung Rheinland-Pfalz 106), Koblenz 2006, pp. 12–15 with further sources and references
  • Otto Conrad: The history of the Schmidtburg , Rheinberg 1963

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hontheim, Historia Trever., Urk. 525
  2. ^ Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Adelslexikon Volume XII