Rothmühle Castle

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Front view of Rothmühle Castle (renovated 2001–2003)
Front view of Rothmühle Castle 1981 (renovated 1968–1972)

The Rothmühle Castle is a Baroque palace in Lower Austria Rannersdorf, a district of Schwechat .


The building, which has been owned by the city of Schwechat since April 1967, was first mentioned in a document around 1300 and has been used in various ways over the years as a mill, fabric factory, leather factory and as a workers' quarter. The name of the castle changed in the course of time from “Mühle in dem Grund derhalben des Wazzers” to “Mühle am Nidern Grund” and “Rothe Mühle” later to “Rothmühle”. The origin of the name cannot be clearly proven. In publications there is a reference to the fact that the castle was originally built from red bricks and that is where the name "Rothmühle" comes from.

As the names and uses changed over the years, so did the owners of the castle. The most famous owner is Anna Maria von Posch, b. Eulenschenk, the wife of the doctor and miracle healer Franz Anton Mesmer (1734–1815), who also lived in the castle at that time.

The castle was severely damaged by bombs in the final phase of the Second World War . In a makeshift repair, the castle was used as a residential building for working-class families until it was bought by the city of Schwechat on April 28, 1967. After the purchase, the listed building on the approximately 6,500 m² site was refurbished by 8 million schillings (according to purchasing power from 2011 about 2 million euros) by 1972 and again in 2001 by the municipality of Schwechat.


The two-storey castle is U-shaped, open to the east and the western front is bent several times. The complex dates from the second half of the 17th century and has a medieval core. During the expansion into a cultural center, additions were made around 1970.

The castle is essentially divided into the following rooms:

  • Ballroom with a stucco ceiling and two monumental ceiling paintings
  • Chapel , a high hall with a ceiling painting
  • Schrödlsaal , named after the lithographer, animal and landscape painter Anton Schrödl (1820–1906) in Schwechat
  • Mozart Hall , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart visited the Rothmühle on September 22, 1773
  • Nestroy Hall , named after Johann Nestroy
  • Stone hall
  • Castle courtyard
  • garden


The palace is best known for the Nestroy Games in Schwechat, which has been held every year since 1973 in the palace courtyard . Weddings and meetings are held in the halls of the castle , such as B. 2006 the MESMER symposium on the life and work of Franz Anton Mesmer. The six guest rooms in the castle are operated by the city of Schwechat.


  • Alois Gehart: Rothmühle Castle Local History Museum. Special exhibition. The Rothmühle. City of Schwechat, Schwechat 1983

Individual evidence

  1. a b History of the Rothmühle IV , accessed on September 9, 2010.
  2. ^ Mesmer Symposium 2006
  3. Catalog list Austrian National Library

Web links

Commons : Rothmühle  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 48 ° 7 ′ 53.8 ″  N , 16 ° 28 ′ 11 ″  E