Shoulder fore

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Shoulder fore (English shoulder-fore , French épaule-en-avant ) is a term from riding theory, the classic art of riding , and describes a lesson in which the horse steps with the inner rear foot in the direction between the two front legs outer hind leg exactly on the track of the outer front leg. "By aligning the forehand with the hindquarters in this way, the ribs are slightly bent." Seen from the front, "the inner hind foot between the front legs is visible". As a "longitudinal bend on a simple hoof beat", the shoulder for Seunig is "the starting point and mother position of the lateral passages from which they all develop".

A synonym for "shoulder forward" is also the "first position", not to be confused with the " riding-in-position ", which is also called the "second position".

Goal setting

Both lessons are preliminary exercises for the " shoulder in ", but "just as demanding [...] as the shoulder in itself". In addition, the shoulder fore is "particularly helpful for improving canter work". The lesson is gathering because the inner hind foot takes on more load and so the gallop is jumped more 'uphill'. It also serves the "straightening bending work".


As with every lesson and transition, shoulder-in is initiated by half parades . The inner thigh rests on the girth and drives the horse to the outer rein, bends the ribs and ensures that the inner rear foot steps in the direction between the two front feet. The outer leg is verwahrend a few inches behind the belt. The inner rein takes care of the position , the outer one limits it. The longitudinal bend is "taken into the lesson" from the previous corner or prepared by a volte. The rider rides shoulder fore on the hoof beat, on the quarter line or on the middle line.

It should be noted that the driving aids must always prevail. Often times the lesson is practiced for too long. However, "a few good kicks are more valuable [...] than several kicks with timing errors , tension or problems with leaning ".

Individual evidence

  1. Guidelines , p. 47
  2. Seunig, p. 127
  3. Seunig, p. 208
  4. Seunig, p. 127
  5. Guidelines , p. 46
  6. Guidelines , p. 47
  7. Seunig, p. 128. - Cf. also Loriston-Clarke, who speaks of a "straightening exercise" (p. 80).
  8. Guidelines , p. 47
  9. Guidelines , p. 49


  • Guidelines for riding and driving. Vol. 2: Advanced training . Edited by the German Equestrian Association (FNverlag), 12th edition, Warendorf 1997, ISBN 3-88542-283-2
  • Jennie Loriston-Clarke, The Complete Guide to Dressage. How to Achieve Perfect Harmony between You and Your Horse. Principal Movements in Step-by-step Sequences Demonstrated by a World Medallist , Quarto Publishing plc, London 1987, reprinted 1993, ISBN 0-09-174430-X
  • Waldemar Seunig: From the paddock to the caper. The training of the riding horse . With an afterword by Bertold Schirg. 2. Reprint of the edition Berlin 1943, Hildesheim etc. 2001 ( Documenta Hippologica ), ISBN 3-487-08348-5