The Serbian troche is a trochaic five- lifter without a caesura and rhyming , whereby individual troches can also be replaced by spondes . The designation goes back to the catalectic ten-syllable of the Serbian folk poetry, in particular the Serbian heroic songs, and was introduced into German poetry through their reproduction with Trochaic five-pointers by Johann Gottfried Herder . In the following examples can be found mainly in (historical) ballads by Gottfried August Bürger , Johann Wolfgang Goethe ( lament of the noble women of Asan Aga , The Bride of Corinth ), Friedrich Rückert , August von Platen ( Abbasids ), Emanuel Geibel , Conrad Ferdinand Meyer , Gottfried Keller , Detlev von Liliencron , Agnes Miegel ( Duke Samo ), Josef Weinträger ( The Trochäus ) and Max Mell ( The Fair Weather Witch ).
As an example from Platen's verse epic The Abbasids the first verses:
A thousand tents were pitched
through the field at the gates of Baghdad,
To celebrate the festival of the new year:
On the throne sat the great Harun
As caliph with all signs of dignity,
ring in the circle his crown officials [...]
- Alfred Behrmann : Introduction to the newer German verse. From Luther to the present. Metzler, Stuttgart 1990.
- Otto Knörrich: Lexicon of lyrical forms (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 479). 2nd, revised edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-520-47902-8 , pp. 204f.
- Otto Paul, Ingeborg Glier : German metrics. 9th edition. Hueber, Munich 1974, p. 150.
- Gero von Wilpert : Subject dictionary of literature. 8th edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-520-84601-3 , p. 853.
- August Graf von Platen: The Abbassids. In: Collected works of Count August von Platen. Volume 4. JG Cotta, Stuttgart and Tübingen 1847, p. 227.