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The Soim was the extremely short-lived parliament of the Republic of Carpathian Ukraine in 1939 with its seat in Khust .

With the Treaty of Saint-Germain of September 10, 1919, Czechoslovakia received Carpathian Ukraine, with the condition set at the Paris Peace Conference to grant it extensive autonomy. However, in practice this autonomy was not granted to the area until 1938, when the parliament for the area was never convened.

After Slovakia had also proclaimed its autonomy within Czecho- Slovakia at the beginning of October 1938 , the first autonomous government under Andrej Brodij was also formed in Carpathian Ukraine on October 11th. On February 12, 1939, elections for the autonomous Carpathian-Ukrainian state parliament Soim took place. The legal basis was the Autonomy Act that the Parliament in Prague had passed on November 22, 1938. The parliament consisted of 32 members. Of these, 29 were Ukrainians, 1 Czech, 1 Romanian and one German ( Anton Ernst Oldofredi ).

An election in the democratic sense did not take place. Only a unified list of the Ukrajinské národní sjednocení (UNS) (Ukrainian National Union) stood for election. This fascist unity party came into being on January 13, 1939 after the other parties were banned.

The Soim had only one session on March 15, 1939. At this meeting the 22 MPs who appeared declared the independence of Carpathian Ukraine. Immediately after this declaration, Hungary occupied Carpathian Ukraine. On March 23, the area was officially annexed by Hungary.

Web links


  • Mads Ole Balling: From Reval to Bucharest - Statistical-Biographical Handbook of the Parliamentarians of the German Minorities in East Central and Southeastern Europe 1919-1945, Volume 1I, 2nd edition . Copenhagen 1991, ISBN 87-983829-5-0 , pp. 671-677 .