Voiceless alveolar affricates

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The term voiceless alveolar affricate is used in phonetics and generally in linguistics to denote the affricate [ts], the two components of which are formed at the alveoli , the dental dam , and the voiceless, i.e. H. without vibration of the vocal cords . The tip of the tongue goes to the dental dam when the sound is formed. In phonetics, the question of whether affricates are just one sound or a combination of sounds is answered differently depending on the theoretical background.

In English, which appears voiceless alveolar affricate in the initial sound of the words number , cell , train , in the medial position of heat , spread , wheat and in the final position of Fez , gloss , wood . The voiceless alveolar affricate occurs in German in all word positions; it is reproduced in writing either with the simple letter z or with the letter combinations ts ("puzzle") or tz ("hate").


  • Hadumod Bußmann (Ed.): Lexicon of Linguistics. 3rd updated and expanded edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 2002, ISBN 3-520-45203-0 (keyword "Affrikate").
  • Duden. Pronunciation dictionary ; Edited by Max Mangold in collaboration with the Duden editorial team; Mannheim, Leipzig, Vienna, Zurich: Dudenverlag, 2005 6 ; ISBN 3-411-04066-1 . Affricates in German: p. 52.
  • Helmut Glück (Ed.), With the collaboration of Friederike Schmöe : Metzler Lexikon Sprache. 3rd, revised edition. Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2005, ISBN 3-476-02056-8 (keyword "Affrikate").
  • Heikki J. Hakkarainen: Phonetics of German ; Munich: Fink, 1995; ISBN 3-7705-3040-3 . On the affricade problem: pp. 84–86.
  • Otmar Werner: Phonemics of German ; Stuttgart: Metzler, 1972; ISBN 3-476-10108-8 . Cape. “The Affricade Problem,” pp. 50–55.