Stuttgart Psalter

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Stuttgarter Psalter, first page of the first psalm
Stuttgarter Psalter, Folio 23, Psalm 91

The Stuttgart Psalter (Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart, Bibl. Fol. 23) is a Carolingian illuminated manuscript that was created between 820 and 830 in the Saint-Germain-des-Prés Abbey near Paris . The 168 sheets (26.5 × 17.5 cm) long work contains the 150 psalms in beautiful, even Carolingian minuscules . These are interrupted by 316 colored miniatures . These miniatures each illustrate the verses between which they stand and mostly represent their theological interpretation. The very colorful and careful decoration is thanks to the educational reform of Charlemagne . Despite the expressive illustrations, the text transmission was in the foreground during production. The prayer book is one of the best Vulgate versions today .


The production was planned meticulously. First you wrote the text carefully and legibly. Whole lines were left free for later illustrations. But also where parts of the miniatures were to protrude into the text later, gaps were left free first. The scribes were already based on the templates of the miniatures for the illustrators when writing them down. These templates have been handed down to image patterns of ancient origin and date back to around 600 or even 400 AD.

The manuscript was brought to Württemberg by Duke Karl Eugen and has been in the Württemberg State Library in Stuttgart for over 200 years .


  • The Stuttgart Pictorial Psalter. Bibl. Fol. 23 Württemberg State Library Stuttgart. 2 volumes. Stuttgart 1965 (facsimile volume) and 1968 (investigations), DNB 550374434 .
  • Bertrand M. Maurice Davezac: The Stuttgart Psalter: Its pre-carolingian sources and its place in carolingian art. UMI, Ann Arbor 1993, OCLC 875480188 (reprint of dissertation, Columbia University, New York 1972).
  • Vera Trost, Andrea Pataki-Hundt, Enke Huhsmann (eds.): Kupfergrün, Zinnober & Co. The Stuttgart Psalter. Catalog for the exhibition from April 9 to May 21, 2011 (= annual edition 2011 of the Württemberg Library Society ). Württemberg State Library, Stuttgart 2011, ISBN 978-3-88282-072-0 .
  • Donatien de Bruyne: Le Psautier de Stuttgart (State Library NO.23). In: Speculum . 7 (1932), 3, pp. 361-366, doi: 10.2307 / 2846673 .
  • Mechthild Clauss: illustration as text design. The Carolingian Stuttgart Pictorial Psalter around 830 . Editions St. Ottilien, St. Ottilien 2019, ISBN 978-3-8306-7924-0 .

Web links

Commons : Stuttgarter Psalter  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Jörg Zink : Conversations with the dark god. The Lord's Prayer, laid out according to pictures from the Stuttgart Psalter (= Eschbach picture books of Christian art ). Verlag am Eschbach, Eschbach / Markgräflerland 1983, ISBN 3-88671-023-8 , back cover.