Svatá Kateřina (mountain)
|Mountains||Giant Mountains foreland|
The Svatá Kateřina (German Katharinaberg ) is a 511 m high mountain southeast of Hostinné on the northern edge of the Kingdom Forest in the Giant Mountains foreland, Czech Republic . On its forested peaks are on the deserted village Ves Svaté Kateřiny ( Catherine Dörfel ) the remains of the chapel of St. Katharina and a transmission tower of the T-Mobile cell phone division.
The Svatá Kateřina rises south of Chotěvice in the kingdom forest . To the west the mountain falls to the Elbe valley , north to the valley of the Pilníkovský potok or Volanovský potok ( Kottwitzer water ) and south to the valley of the Kateřinský potok ( Katharinenbach ). The Bradlo (519 m) rises to the southwest . The holiday settlements Svatá Kateřina or Amerika and Nad Martínkem are located at its southern foot.
The Katharinaberg was an old place of pilgrimage and the highest elevation of the Arnau rule . When the St. The chapel consecrated to Catherine was built is not known.
After Friedrich II invaded Bohemia via Náchod during the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1778 , he had his headquarters built on the Kahlenberg ( Lysé vrchy ) near Kocléřov , while the Imperial and Royal Army raised his headquarters on the right bank of the Elbe and Joseph II for six weeks in the School of Nieder Oels opened . As the Kottwitzer parish chronicle reports, the Prussians avoided the Katharinaberg because, according to rumors, it was completely undermined by a tunnel system.
On the night of July 12th to 13th, 1832, a devastating storm hit the area. Lightning strikes burned down both the wooden chapel on the Katharinaberg and the church of St. Peter and Paul in Kottwitz . The settlement around the chapel Katharinadörfel consisted of six houses in 1834 and had 38 inhabitants. The Kottwitz pastor Ambrosius Schmid had a new stone chapel built on the Katharinaberg between 1832 and 1835, in which services were held six times a year.
After the end of the Second World War and the expulsion of most of the German residents, both the chapel and the settlement of Ves Svaté Kateřiny were left to decay. In 1961 the chapel and settlement were demolished. A T - Mobile transmission tower was built on the remains of the chapel around 2000.
- Johann Gottfried Sommer, Franz Xaver Maximilian Zippe: The Kingdom of Böhmen, Bd. 3 Bidschower Kreis, 1835, p. 222
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