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The term training or training generally stands for all processes that cause a changing development.

At first it was only understood to mean the " training and schooling of horses" . Later, the expression for exercise, training, course, further education or advanced training, which was taken over from the English language, was also used in general (English to train someone = to educate someone).


Training effects arise in humans through the processing of stimuli. These stimuli can arise from the human being, for example, in that processes on the cognitive level represent a stimulus for changes on the physical and emotional level. External stimuli can also come, for example when a (long-term) change in air temperature requires the entire organism to adapt accordingly. This means that so-called athletic training, which influences people on the physical, cognitive and emotional level, can result in a variety of training effects.

In general, with all forms of training, it is important to avoid both under- and overstrain , as otherwise the effect of the training is neither efficient nor optimal .


Colloquially, one speaks of training even in a one-off exercise unit. In scientific discourse, a distinction is made between exercise and training. Because an exercise can require a short-term adjustment. Systematic training aims to achieve stable adaptation symptoms over the long term, i.e. H. To achieve training effects.

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Training  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

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  5. ^ Arnd Krüger : History of movement therapy, in: Preventive medicine . Heidelberg: Springer Loseblatt Collection 1999, 07.06, 1 - 22.