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The book of Isaiah
The three parts chapter
Proto Isaiah 1-39
Deutero-Isaiah 40-55
Tritoesaya 56-66

With Tritojesaja (Greek: "third Isaiah") biblical research describes a hypothetical independent author of chapters 56 to 66 of the book Isaiah in the Tanakh .

Today's historical-critical research assumes that the book of Isaiah is not literarily uniform, but has grown over the centuries. Chapters 56 to 66 have been viewed as the work of an anonymous prophet in early post- exile Persian times since Bernhard Duhm in 1892 , who would then have been a contemporary of the prophet Malachi . Today it is more likely to be a collection of words from various prophets.

Central to Tritojesaja's message is the question of the future of Jerusalem ; the personification of the city as the daughter of Zion in the promises of salvation is striking . His prophecy is to be set after the return of the people of Israel from the Babylonian exile and the new building of the temple in Jerusalem, i.e. between 521 and 510 BC. Chr.


  • Reinhard G. Kratz: Tritojesaja. In: Theologische Realenzyklopädie 34 (2002), pp. 124–130 (current introduction with detailed bibliography).
  • John Blenkinsopp: Isaiah 56-66. A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary. The Anchor Bible 19B. Doubleday, New York 2003, ISBN 0-385-50174-9 .
  • Paul A. Smith: Rhetoric and Redaction in Trito-Isaiah. The Structure, Growth, and Authorship of Isaiah 56-66. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 62. Brill, Leiden 1995, ISBN 90-04-10306-6 .
  • Leszek Ruszkowski: People and the community are changing. An investigation into Isaiah 56–66. FRLANT 191. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2000, ISBN 3-525-53875-8 .

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