Ulrich von Zatzikhoven

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Ulrich von Zatzikhoven and the first verses of the " Lanzelet " in Codex Palatinus Germanicus 371 from 1420.

Ulrich von Zatzikhoven is the author of the Middle High German Arthurian novel Lanzelet .

His name and place of origin Zezikon are only known to us from his work itself, which was probably created not long after 1193 in an unknown location. It is generally assumed that Ulrich is the same person as a priest from Lommis in the canton of Thurgau named Uolricus de Cecinchoven who was mentioned in a document in 1214 . This appears in the list of witnesses in a deed of donation from the Count's family from Toggenburg to the St. Peterzell Monastery from March 29, 1214.

Ulrich's only known work is the Middle High German verse novel Lanzelet, which is a rewrite of an unknown old French Arthurian novel . The hero of the novel is the knight Lancelot , whose story Chrétien de Troyes had also told a little earlier in his Le Chevalier de la Charette («Knight of the Cart»).

Ulrich's Lancelot novel differs significantly from Chrétien in terms of content. Ulrich himself mentions the template for the welsche buoch von Lanzelete (v. 9341), and it came to Germany in the luggage of the Anglo-Norman nobleman Hugo von Morville , one of the hostages for the English King Richard the Lionheart . Richard was from December 21, 1192 to February 4, 1194 in the captivity of the Staufer Emperor Heinrich VI. During this time Ulrich must have got to know the old French novel.


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