United States Government Publishing Office
United States Government Publishing Office
|position||Printing house for the United States Government and Congress|
|Supervisory authority||United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing|
|founding||March 4, 1861|
|Headquarters||732 North Capitol Street Northwest, Washington, DC 20401|
|Authority management||Hugh Halpern|
|Budget volume||$ 126.2 million (2012)|
The United States Government Publishing Office ( GPO ; German Government Printing Office of the United States ; until 2014: United States Government Printing Office ) is a federal agency of the United States of America with the mandate to print or print all documents of Congress , the White House and other federal agencies to produce, procure, catalog, index, authenticate, distribute and archive in digital form with secure resources. The GPO produces and distributes the information products, including the official US passports , on behalf of the United States Department of State . The order largely corresponds to that of the German or Austrian Federal Printing Office .
GPO provides permanent public access to federal agency information through the Federal Digital System (www.fdsys.gov) and through a partnership with approximately 1,200 libraries in the United States and through an online bookstore.
The founding of a printing company for the federal authorities was decided by the Congress in June 1860. The background was in some cases missing documents from previous congresses and poor work by the private printing companies commissioned. On March 4, 1861, the printing company started operations with 350 employees.
The GPO was called the United States Government Printing Office until December 16, 2014 , before the current name was introduced by law to take account of the increasing share of digital publications in the name.
The Public Printer of the United States is in charge of the GPO . From August 1, 2013, this was Davita Vance-Cooks ( 27th Public Printer ), who was replaced by Hugh Halpern ( 28th Public Printer ) in December 2019 .
In addition, the GPO also maintains an office for parliamentary relations, through which all contacts with the legislature and thus the United States Congress Joint Committee on Printing , founded in 1846, are handled. The Committee on Printing also oversees the activities of the GPO and the management of the GPO is accountable to the committee. The budget must also be approved by this committee.
GPO facilities are protected by their own police unit , the GPO Uniformed Police .
- George D. Barnum (2011) Keeping America Informed, The US Government Printing Office - 150 Years of Service to the Nation ; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC; ISBN 978-016088704-8
- ^ Lisa Rein: US Printing Office shrinks with round of buyouts. The Washington Post, January 26, 2012, accessed March 10, 2014 .
- ↑ a b c Presentation of the United States Government Printing Office on the organization's website ; accessed on March 10, 2014.
- ↑ a b History of the GPO on the organization's website ; accessed on March 10, 2014.
- ↑ George D. Barnum (2011) Keeping America Informed, The US Government Printing Office - 150 Years of Service to the Nation ; U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington DC; ISBN 978-016088704-8 ; Online .
- ↑ United States Government Publishing Office (Ed.): GPO is now the Government Publishing Office . tape 34 , December 17, 2014 (English, full text ): “Section 1301 of HR 83, the legislation providing consolidated and further continuing appropriations for FY 2015 that was recently passed by Congress and signed into law last night (2014-12-16) by President Barack Obama, changes the name of the Government Printing Office to the Government Publishing Office. "
- ^ Curriculum vitae ( memento of December 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) of Davita Vance-Cooks on the GPO website; accessed on March 10, 2014.
- ↑ PN1245 - Hugh Nathanial Halpern - Government Publishing Office. 116th Congress of the United States , December 4, 2019, accessed April 19, 2020 .
- ↑ a b Self-presentation of the GPO on the organization's website ; accessed on March 10, 2014.
- ^ Rules for the Joint Committee on Printing on the Committee on House Administration website; accessed on March 10, 2014.
- ↑ GPO Uniformed Police on the GPO website; accessed on November 13, 2014