United States Department of State


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United States Department of State

Seal of

Set up: July 27, 1789
Seat: Harry S. Truman Building , Washington, DC
Supervisory authority: Seal of the President of the United States.svg President of the United States
minister Mike Pompeo
Deputy John J. Sullivan (formal)
Household: $ 9.96 billion (2004)
Employees: 30,266 (2004)
Homepage: state.gov

The United States Department of State ( United States Department of State or the State Department ) is responsible for the foreign policy of the United States responsible. It has existed since July 27, 1789 and is based in Washington, DC at 2201 C Street NW.

Seat and location

The State Department is headquartered in the Harry S. Truman Building at 2201 C Street NW in Washington, DC The neighborhood is known as Foggy Bottom , largely because of the smog that was used there established factories. The name was soon used and understood figuratively as a nickname for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Other important institutions such as the International Monetary Fund ( IMF), George Washington University and the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts are also located in Foggy Bottom . The Watergate Hotel is also known .

organization

The organizational structure at the end of President Barack Obama's reign is shown in the organizational chart below.

As of 2017, the new Foreign Minister Rex Tillerson pushed for a strong reduction in staff through layoffs and a de facto hiring freeze with far-reaching consequences for the work of the ministry.

As a result, power within the US government shifted to the Pentagon, and foreign policy was militarized. The office of the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan is vacant, as are the ambassadorial posts in Afghanistan , Pakistan and India (as of July 2017).

Organization chart : The administrative structure of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in November 2016 (English)

United States Secretary of State

From 1782 to around 1789/90 there was a Foreign Ministry appointed by the Continental Congress , which was also called the Department of Foreign Affairs in English . Under the presidency of George Washington in 1789, this was expanded to include further domestic political competencies, therefore renamed the Department of State and transferred to Thomas Jefferson on his return from France in 1790 . Until then, the previous Secretary of Foreign Affairs, John Jay, was still in office . The US foreign ministers also include six later US presidents : Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan.

List of US Secretary of State

No. image Surname Term of office under US President
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
01 Robert R. Livingston Robert R. Livingston October 20, 1781 - June 4, 1783 Continental Congress
02 John Jay John Jay May 7, 1784 - March 4, 1789
July 27, 1789 - September 15, 1789
(executive)
George Washington Continental Congress

0
Secretary of State
0- John Jay John Jay September 15, 1789 - March 22, 1790
(executive)
George Washington
0
01
Thomas Jefferson
Thomas Jefferson March 22, 1790 - December 31, 1793 George Washington
02
Edmund Randolph
Edmund Randolph January 2, 1794 - August 20, 1795 George Washington
03
Timothy Pickering
Timothy Pickering December 10, 1795 - May 12, 1800 George Washington, John Adams
04th
John Marshall
John Marshall June 6, 1800 - February 4, 1801 John Adams
05
James Madison
James Madison May 2, 1801 - March 3, 1809 Thomas Jefferson
06th
Robert Smith
Robert Smith March 6, 1809 - April 1, 1811  James Madison
07th
James Monroe
James Monroe April 6, 1811 - September 30, 1814
February 28, 1815 - March 3, 1817
08th
John Quincy Adams
John Quincy Adams September 22, 1817 - March 3, 1825 James Monroe
09
Henry Clay
Henry Clay March 7, 1825 - March 3, 1829 John Quincy Adams
10
Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren March 28, 1829 - March 23, 1831  Andrew Jackson
11
Edward Livingston
Edward Livingston March 24, 1831 - May 29, 1833
12
Louis McLane
Louis McLane May 29, 1833 - June 30, 1834
13
John Forsyth
John Forsyth July 1, 1834 - March 3, 1841 Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Buren
14th
Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster March 6, 1841 - May 8, 1843 William Henry Harrison , John Tyler
15th
Abel P. Upshur
Abel P. Upshur July 24, 1843 - February 28, 1844 John Tyler
16
John C. Calhoun
John C. Calhoun April 1, 1844 - March 10, 1845 John Tyler, James K. Polk
17th
James Buchanan
James Buchanan March 10, 1845 - March 7, 1849 James K. Polk, Zachary Taylor
18th
John Clayton
John Clayton March 8, 1849 - July 22, 1850 Zachary Taylor, Millard Fillmore
19th
Daniel Webster
Daniel Webster July 23, 1850 - October 24, 1852 Millard Fillmore
20th
Edward Everett
Edward Everett November 6, 1852 - March 3, 1853 Millard Fillmore
21st
William L. Marcy
William L. Marcy March 8, 1853 - March 6, 1857 Franklin Pierce , James Buchanan
22nd
Lewis Cass
Lewis Cass March 6, 1857 - December 14, 1860 James Buchanan
23
Jeremiah S. Black
Jeremiah S. Black December 17, 1860 - March 5, 1861 James Buchanan, Abraham Lincoln
24
William H. Seward
William H. Seward March 6, 1861 - March 4, 1869 Abraham Lincoln, Andrew Johnson
25th
Elihu Benjamin Washburne
Elihu Benjamin Washburne March 5, 1869 - March 16, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant
26th
Hamilton Fish
Hamilton Fish March 17, 1869 - March 12, 1877 Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes
27
William M. Evarts
William M. Evarts March 12, 1877 - March 7, 1881 Rutherford B. Hayes, James A. Garfield
28
James G. Blaine
James G. Blaine March 7, 1881 - December 19, 1881 James Garfield, Chester A. Arthur
29
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
Frederick T. Frelinghuysen December 19, 1881 - March 6, 1885 Chester A. Arthur, Grover Cleveland
30th
Thomas F. Bayard
Thomas F. Bayard March 7, 1885 - March 6, 1889 Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison
31
James G. Blaine
James G. Blaine March 7, 1889 - June 4, 1892  Benjamin Harrison
32
John W. Foster
John W. Foster June 2, 1892 - February 23, 1893
33
Walter Q. Gresham
Walter Q. Gresham March 7, 1893 - May 28, 1895 Grover Cleveland
34
Richard Olney
Richard Olney June 10, 1895 - March 5, 1897 Grover Cleveland, William McKinley
35
John Sherman
John Sherman March 6, 1897 - April 27, 1898  William McKinley
36
William R. Day
William R. Day April 28, 1898 - September 16, 1898
37
John Hay
John Hay September 30, 1898 - July 1, 1905 William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt
38
Elihu Root
Elihu Root July 19, 1905 - January 27, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt
39
Robert Bacon
Robert Bacon January 27, 1909 - March 5, 1909 Theodore Roosevelt, William H. Taft
40
Philander C. Knox
Philander C. Knox March 6, 1909 - March 5, 1913 William H. Taft, Woodrow Wilson
41
William Jennings Bryan
William Jennings Bryan March 5, 1913 - June 9, 1915  Woodrow Wilson
42
Robert Lansing
Robert Lansing June 24, 1915 - February 13, 1920
43
Bainbridge Colby
Bainbridge Colby March 23, 1920 - March 4, 1921
44
Charles Evans Hughes
Charles Evans Hughes March 5, 1921 - March 4, 1925 Warren G. Harding , Calvin Coolidge
45
Frank B. Kellogg
Frank B. Kellogg March 5, 1925 - March 28, 1929 Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover
46
Henry L. Stimson
Henry L. Stimson March 28, 1929 - March 4, 1933 Herbert Hoover
47
Cordell Hull
Cordell Hull March 4, 1933 - November 30, 1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt
48
Edward Stettinius Jr.
Edward Stettinius Jr. December 1, 1944 - June 27, 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman
49
James F. Byrnes
James F. Byrnes July 3, 1945 - January 21, 1947  Harry S. Truman
50
George C. Marshall
George C. Marshall January 21, 1947 - January 20, 1949
51
Dean Gooderham Acheson
Dean Acheson January 21, 1949 - January 20, 1953
52
John Foster Dulles
John Foster Dulles January 21, 1953 - April 22, 1959  Dwight D. Eisenhower
53
Christian Herter
Christian Herter April 22, 1959 - January 20, 1961
54
Dean Rusk
Dean Rusk Jan. 21, 1961 - January 20, 1969 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
55
William P. Rogers
William P. Rogers Jan. 22, 1969 - September 3, 1973 Richard Nixon
56
Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger September 22, 1973 - January 20, 1977 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
57
Cyrus Vance
Cyrus Vance January 23, 1977 - April 28, 1980  Jimmy Carter
58
Edmund Muskie
Edmund Muskie May 8, 1980 - January 18, 1981
59
Alexander Haig
Alexander Haig Jan. 22, 1981 - July 5, 1982  Ronald Reagan
60
George P. Shultz
George P. Shultz July 16, 1982 - January 20, 1989
61
James Baker
James Baker January 25, 1989 - August 23, 1992  George HW Bush
62
Lawrence Eagleburger
Lawrence Eagleburger December 8, 1992 - January 19, 1993
63
Warren Christopher
Warren Christopher January 20, 1993 - January 17, 1997   Bill Clinton
64
Madeleine Albright
Madeleine Albright January 23, 1997 - January 19, 2001
65
Colin Powell
Colin Powell January 20, 2001 - January 25, 2005   George W. Bush
66
Condoleezza Rice
Condoleezza Rice January 26, 2005 - January 20, 2009
67
Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton January 21, 2009 - February 1, 2013 Barack Obama
68
John Kerry
John Kerry February 1, 2013 - January 20, 2017
69
Rex Tillerson
Rex Tillerson February 1, 2017 - March 13, 2018 Donald Trump
70
Mike Pompeo
Mike Pompeo Since April 26, 2018

See also

Web links

Commons : United States Department of State  - collection of images, videos, and audio files

General

Representations of the USA in the German-speaking area

Individual evidence

  1. Politico June 29, 2017: "Present at the Destruction: How Rex Tillerson Is Wrecking the State Department"
  2. Bod Dreyfuss: How Rex Tillerson Turned the State Department Into a Ghost Ship . Rolling Stone, July 13, 2017

Coordinates: 38 ° 53 '40.1 "  N , 77 ° 2' 54.3"  W.