United States Department of Energy

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Coordinates: 38 ° 53 '13 "  N , 77 ° 1' 34"  W.

United States Department of Energy

Seal of

Set up: 4th August 1977
Seat: James Forrestal Headquarters Complex , Washington, DC
Supervisory authority: Seal of the President of the United States.svg President of the United States
minister Dan Brouillette
Deputy vacant
Household: $ 30.6 billion (2012)
Employees: 13,341 civil servants (2013)
93,094 employees (2008)
Homepage: energy.gov

The United States Department of Energy (officially United States Department of Energy , DOE ) is a ministry within the Federal Government of the United States , responsible for energy and nuclear safety. Fall within the remit of the Ministry

The ministry emerged from several government agencies that managed various aspects of energy policy. The first goes back to the Manhattan Project nuclear weapons program and was the Atomic Energy Commission . It was dissolved in 1974 and replaced by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Energy Research and Development Administration of civil and military nuclear research. In response to the first oil crisis in 1973/74 (the oil price tripled in a short time), Jimmy Carter , US President from 1977-1981, united these two and other authorities under the umbrella of a new ministry. The Congress adopted the relevant law on 4 August 1977, the Ministry started its work on 1 October 1977th The chief official of the ministry is the energy minister.

National research institutions

Headquarters of the Ministry of Energy

The Ministry of Energy maintains a system of large-scale research facilities, the so-called National Laboratory System , in which basic scientific research and military research (including on nuclear weapons) is carried out. This includes:

More functions

The Office of Scientific and Technical Information in the Ministry of Energy offers access to databases on its website containing information from scientific research and development of the Ministry and other authorities and institutes.

The Ministry awards the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Prize every two years to outstanding US scientists who conduct research in the area of ​​responsibility of the Ministry.

The Department of Energy has a department called the Office of Intelligence , as intelligence work and of open and covert sources international information on nuclear weapons and non-proliferation (nuclear non-proliferation), energy security , science and technology in the field of energy and nuclear energy , nuclear safety and nuclear waste procured and evaluates. The analyzes of the specialist scientists are made available to the entire intelligence community and to the federal government.

President Barack Obama created a new position in the White House, Assistant to the President for Energy and Climate Change, and appointed Carol Browner to the new post. Browner previously worked for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Reshuffle under President Trump

In the course of Donald Trump's presidency , Rick Perry was appointed energy minister, a climate change denier who has rejected many scientific findings on global warming and does not accept the scientific consensus on man-made warming. In 2011 Perry, who was then aspiring to the presidency, had a. a. declares that it wants to completely abolish the Ministry of Energy.

On March 16, 2017, the Trump administration presented its budget plans, which have yet to be confirmed by Congress. Accordingly, the budget of the Ministry of Energy is to be reduced by 5.6% and redistributed within the authority. For example, the budget of the National Nuclear Security Administration , which is responsible for the military use of nuclear energy and the nuclear arsenal , is to increase by 11.3%, while other parts of the ministry are to cut their funds by 17.9%. Among other things, the budget of the science office is to be reduced from a good 5 billion euros by 900 million dollars.

In 2019, efforts were made to frame fossil fuels positively. In a press release from the Ministry of Energy, natural gas was described as a particularly clean energy source and given the term "freedom gas", while elsewhere it was referred to as "peace molecules". This framing found lively echoes in the media and social networks and was compared , among other things, with George Orwell's Newspeak .

List of ministers

No. image Surname Term of office in the President's Cabinet
1 James Schlesinger official DoD photo.jpg James Rodney Schlesinger Aug. 6, 1977 - August 23, 1979 Jimmy Carter
2 Secretary duncan.jpg Charles William Duncan Aug. 24, 1979 - January 20, 1981
3 James B. Edwards.jpg James Burrows Edwards January 23, 1981 - November 5, 1982 Ronald Reagan
4th Donald hodel.JPG Donald Paul Hodel November 5, 1982 - February 7, 1985
5 John S. Herrington.jpg John Stewart Herrington February 7, 1985 - January 20, 1989
6th Admiral James Watkins, official military photo.JPEG James David Watkins March 1, 1989 - January 20, 1993 George Bush
7th Hazel O'Leary.jpg Hazel Reid O'Leary January 22, 1993 - January 20, 1997 Bill Clinton
8th Federico pena.jpg Federico Fabian Peña March 12, 1997 - June 30, 1998
9 Bill Richardson, official DOE photo.png William Blaine Richardson August 18, 1998 - January 20, 2001
10 Spencer Abraham.jpg Edward Spencer Abraham January 20, 2001 - February 1, 2005 George W. Bush
11 Bodman.jpg Samuel Wright Bodman February 1, 2005 - January 20, 2009
12 Steven Chu official portrait headshot.jpg Steven Chu January 21, 2009 - April 22, 2013 Barack Obama
13 Ernest Moniz official portrait.jpg Ernest Jeffrey Moniz May 21, 2013 - January 20, 2017
14th Gov.  Perry CPAC February 2015.jpg James Richard Perry March 2, 2017 - December 1, 2019 Donald Trump
15th Dan Brouillette official photo.jpg Danny Ray Brouillette December 4, 2019 -

See also

Web links

Commons : United States Department of Energy  - collection of images, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. President-Elect Obama Nominates Dr. Steven Chu as Energy Secretary . US Department of Energy. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
  2. Trump taps former Texas Gov. Rick Perry to head Energy Department he once vowed to abolish . In: Washington Post , December 14, 2016. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  3. Trump would increase Energy Department funds to manage nuclear stockpile . In: Washington Post , March 16, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
  4. NIH, DOE Office of Science face deep cuts in Trump's first budget . In: Science . March 16, 2017, doi : 10.1126 / science.aal0921 .
  5. ^ 'Molecules Of Freedom' And 'Freedom Gas' - Energy Department Tries To Rebrand Non-Renewable Energy Sources . In: The Hill , May 30, 2019. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
  6. Trump administration boasts of promoting 'freedom gas' and 'freedom molecules' . In: The Washington Examiner , May 29, 2019. Retrieved May 31, 2019.