Vladimír Skalička

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Vladimír Skalička (born August 19, 1909 in Prague ; † January 17, 1991 ibid) was a Czech linguist.

On scientific importance

Skalička was a professor at the Charles University in Prague , member of the Prague School with a focus on general linguistics and language typology . In his typological studies he tied on the traditional morphological typology and developed five ideal types based on theoretical considerations: the agglutinating, inflecting, isolating, polysynthetic and introflexive construct. Each of these types (constructs) is described on the basis of phonological, morphological and syntactic properties in such a way that they appear to be optimally coordinated. Concrete languages ​​are then examined to determine the extent to which they have these characteristics or differ from them. This ideal typology was received and continued in many ways in linguistics.


  • Typological studies . With a contribution by Petr Sgall , edited by Peter Hartmann . Vieweg, Braunschweig / Wiesbaden 1979. ISBN 3-528-03710-5 . (A collection on the occasion of his 70th birthday; a bibliography of Skalička's works can be found on pages 342–344.)

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gustav Ineichen : General language typology. Approaches and Methods . 2nd, updated and expanded edition. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1991, page 47. ISBN 3-534-07409-2 .
  2. Vladimír Skalička: A "typological construct" . In: Travaux linguistiques de Prague 2, 1966, pages 157-164. Also in the anthology Typological Studies , pages 335–341.
  3. Harald Haarmann : Basics of the language typology. Methodology, empiricism and systematics of the languages ​​of Europe. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Berlin / Cologne / Mainz 1976, pages 56–59. ISBN 3-17-002486-8 .
  4. ^ Gabriel Altmann , Werner Lehfeldt : Allgemeine Sprachtypologie. Principles and measurement methods. Fink, Munich 1973, page 38. ISBN 3-7705-0891-2 .
  5. ^ Christiane Hoffmann: Morphologically oriented typology . In: Reinhard Köhler, Gabriel Altmann, Rajmund G. Piotrowski (eds.), Quantitative Linguistics - Quantitative Linguistics. An international manual . Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, pages 578–598, on Skalička and successors: pages 583–587. ISBN 3-11-015578-8 .

Web links

Wiktionary: ideal typology  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations