Walter Freudenthal

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Walter Freudenthal (born May 6, 1893 in Breslau , † March 27, 1952 in London ) was a German dermatologist .

Life and activity

From 1920 to 1933 Freudenthal worked as an assistant or as a private lecturer at the Dermatology Clinic at the University of Breslau . He received his doctorate in 1922.

In 1926 he caused a stir with the publication of a fundamental article on the differentiation of seborrheic and senile (actinic) keratoses. For the Jadassohn manual he wrote the chapter on warts and condylomas.

After the National Socialists came to power in the spring of 1933, he was dismissed from civil service and revoked his teaching license due to his - according to National Socialist definition - Jewish descent in accordance with the provisions of the law on the restoration of the professional civil service. He then emigrated to Great Britain, where he found a job in the skin department of the University College Hospital in London in 1934. He caused a sensation there with his histopathological studies. In 1945 he became the first holder of a readership , a chair, in dermatological histology at the University of London.

After his emigration, Freudenthal was classified as an enemy of the state by the National Socialist police. In the spring of 1940 the Reich Main Security Office in Berlin put him on the special wanted list GB , a list of people whom the Nazi surveillance apparatus regarded as particularly dangerous or important, which is why they would be succeeded by the occupation troops in the event of a successful invasion and occupation of the British Isles by the Wehrmacht Special SS commandos were to be identified and arrested with special priority.

Freudenthal's main research areas were histology and venereal diseases as well as pathological anatomical skin changes.


General literature :

  • Displaced German Scholars. A Guide to Academics in Peril in Nazi German During the 1930s , (= Studies in Judaica and the Holocaust Vol. 7) 1993, p. 62.
  • Sven Eppinger: The fate of the Jewish dermatologists in Germany in the time of National Socialism , 2001, p. 137.
  • Albrecht Scholz / Caris-Petra Heidel: The fates of emigrants. Influence of Jewish emigrants on social policy and science in the receiving countries , 2004, pp. 15 and 260.

Biographies :

  • L. Büchner / A Scholz / Jacobi: "In Memoriam Walter Freudenthal. 1893–1952", in: Der deutsche Dermatologe Jg. 3 (1994), pp. 350–352.
  • I. Kiehlmann: "Walter Freudenthal. An Eluciadator of solar keratosis lost in Time", in: Dermatopathol Pract Concept Vol. 6, 2000, pp. 273-277.


  • W. Jordan: "W. Freudenthal", in: Der Hausarzt Jg. 3 (1952), p. 383f.
  • WN Goldsmith: "Dr. Walter Freudenthal, 6th May 1893-27th March 1952", in: Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology Vol. 68 (1954), pp. 649f.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Entry on Freudenthal on the special wanted list GB (reproduced on the website of the Imperial War Museum in London).